Source to netinet/tcp_usrreq.c


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/*
 * Copyright (c) 1982, 1986, 1988, 1993, 1995
 *	The Regents of the University of California.  All rights reserved.
 *
 * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
 * modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
 * are met:
 * 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
 * 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
 *    documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
 * 3. All advertising materials mentioning features or use of this software
 *    must display the following acknowledgement:
 *	This product includes software developed by the University of
 *	California, Berkeley and its contributors.
 * 4. Neither the name of the University nor the names of its contributors
 *    may be used to endorse or promote products derived from this software
 *    without specific prior written permission.
 *
 * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE REGENTS AND CONTRIBUTORS ``AS IS'' AND
 * ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE
 * IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE
 * ARE DISCLAIMED.  IN NO EVENT SHALL THE REGENTS OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE
 * FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL
 * DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS
 * OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION)
 * HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT
 * LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY
 * OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF
 * SUCH DAMAGE.
 *
 *	@(#)tcp_usrreq.c	8.5 (Berkeley) 6/21/95
 */

#include <sys/param.h>
#include <sys/systm.h>
#include <sys/malloc.h>
#include <sys/mbuf.h>
#include <sys/socket.h>
#include <sys/socketvar.h>
#include <sys/protosw.h>
#include <sys/errno.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>

#include <net/if.h>
#include <net/route.h>

#include <netinet/in.h>
#include <netinet/in_systm.h>
#include <netinet/ip.h>
#include <netinet/in_pcb.h>
#include <netinet/ip_var.h>
#include <netinet/tcp.h>
#include <netinet/tcp_fsm.h>
#include <netinet/tcp_seq.h>
#include <netinet/tcp_timer.h>
#include <netinet/tcp_var.h>
#include <netinet/tcpip.h>
#include <netinet/tcp_debug.h>

/*
 * TCP protocol interface to socket abstraction.
 */
extern	char *tcpstates[];

/*
 * Process a TCP user request for TCP tb.  If this is a send request
 * then m is the mbuf chain of send data.  If this is a timer expiration
 * (called from the software clock routine), then timertype tells which timer.
 */
/*ARGSUSED*/
int
tcp_usrreq(so, req, m, nam, control)
	struct socket *so;
	int req;
	struct mbuf *m, *nam, *control;
{
	register struct inpcb *inp;
	register struct tcpcb *tp;
	int s;
	int error = 0;
	int ostate;

	if (req == PRU_CONTROL)
		return (in_control(so, (u_long)m, (caddr_t)nam,
			(struct ifnet *)control));
	if (control && control->m_len) {
		m_freem(control);
		if (m)
			m_freem(m);
		return (EINVAL);
	}

	s = splnet();
	inp = sotoinpcb(so);
	/*
	 * When a TCP is attached to a socket, then there will be
	 * a (struct inpcb) pointed at by the socket, and this
	 * structure will point at a subsidary (struct tcpcb).
	 */
	if (inp == 0 && req != PRU_ATTACH) {
		splx(s);
#if 0
		/*
		 * The following corrects an mbuf leak under rare
		 * circumstances, but has not been fully tested.
		 */
		if (m && req != PRU_SENSE)
			m_freem(m);
#else
		/* safer version of fix for mbuf leak */
		if (m && (req == PRU_SEND || req == PRU_SENDOOB))
			m_freem(m);
#endif
		return (EINVAL);		/* XXX */
	}
	if (inp) {
		tp = intotcpcb(inp);
		/* WHAT IF TP IS 0? */
#ifdef KPROF
		tcp_acounts[tp->t_state][req]++;
#endif
		ostate = tp->t_state;
	} else
		ostate = 0;
	switch (req) {

	/*
	 * TCP attaches to socket via PRU_ATTACH, reserving space,
	 * and an internet control block.
	 */
	case PRU_ATTACH:
		if (inp) {
			error = EISCONN;
			break;
		}
		error = tcp_attach(so);
		if (error)
			break;
		if ((so->so_options & SO_LINGER) && so->so_linger == 0)
			so->so_linger = TCP_LINGERTIME;
		tp = sototcpcb(so);
		break;

	/*
	 * PRU_DETACH detaches the TCP protocol from the socket.
	 * If the protocol state is non-embryonic, then can't
	 * do this directly: have to initiate a PRU_DISCONNECT,
	 * which may finish later; embryonic TCB's can just
	 * be discarded here.
	 */
	case PRU_DETACH:
		if (tp->t_state > TCPS_LISTEN)
			tp = tcp_disconnect(tp);
		else
			tp = tcp_close(tp);
		break;

	/*
	 * Give the socket an address.
	 */
	case PRU_BIND:
		error = in_pcbbind(inp, nam);
		if (error)
			break;
		break;

	/*
	 * Prepare to accept connections.
	 */
	case PRU_LISTEN:
		if (inp->inp_lport == 0)
			error = in_pcbbind(inp, (struct mbuf *)0);
		if (error == 0)
			tp->t_state = TCPS_LISTEN;
		break;

	/*
	 * Initiate connection to peer.
	 * Create a template for use in transmissions on this connection.
	 * Enter SYN_SENT state, and mark socket as connecting.
	 * Start keep-alive timer, and seed output sequence space.
	 * Send initial segment on connection.
	 */
	case PRU_CONNECT:
		if (inp->inp_lport == 0) {
			error = in_pcbbind(inp, (struct mbuf *)0);
			if (error)
				break;
		}
		error = in_pcbconnect(inp, nam);
		if (error)
			break;
		tp->t_template = tcp_template(tp);
		if (tp->t_template == 0) {
			in_pcbdisconnect(inp);
			error = ENOBUFS;
			break;
		}
		/* Compute window scaling to request.  */
		while (tp->request_r_scale < TCP_MAX_WINSHIFT &&
		    (TCP_MAXWIN << tp->request_r_scale) < so->so_rcv.sb_hiwat)
			tp->request_r_scale++;
		soisconnecting(so);
		tcpstat.tcps_connattempt++;
		tp->t_state = TCPS_SYN_SENT;
		tp->t_timer[TCPT_KEEP] = TCPTV_KEEP_INIT;
		tp->iss = tcp_iss; tcp_iss += TCP_ISSINCR/4;
		tcp_sendseqinit(tp);
		error = tcp_output(tp);
		break;

	/*
	 * Create a TCP connection between two sockets.
	 */
	case PRU_CONNECT2:
		error = EOPNOTSUPP;
		break;

	/*
	 * Initiate disconnect from peer.
	 * If connection never passed embryonic stage, just drop;
	 * else if don't need to let data drain, then can just drop anyways,
	 * else have to begin TCP shutdown process: mark socket disconnecting,
	 * drain unread data, state switch to reflect user close, and
	 * send segment (e.g. FIN) to peer.  Socket will be really disconnected
	 * when peer sends FIN and acks ours.
	 *
	 * SHOULD IMPLEMENT LATER PRU_CONNECT VIA REALLOC TCPCB.
	 */
	case PRU_DISCONNECT:
		tp = tcp_disconnect(tp);
		break;

	/*
	 * Accept a connection.  Essentially all the work is
	 * done at higher levels; just return the address
	 * of the peer, storing through addr.
	 */
	case PRU_ACCEPT:
		in_setpeeraddr(inp, nam);
		break;

	/*
	 * Mark the connection as being incapable of further output.
	 */
	case PRU_SHUTDOWN:
		socantsendmore(so);
		tp = tcp_usrclosed(tp);
		if (tp)
			error = tcp_output(tp);
		break;

	/*
	 * After a receive, possibly send window update to peer.
	 */
	case PRU_RCVD:
		(void) tcp_output(tp);
		break;

	/*
	 * Do a send by putting data in output queue and updating urgent
	 * marker if URG set.  Possibly send more data.
	 */
	case PRU_SEND:
		sbappend(&so->so_snd, m);
		error = tcp_output(tp);
		break;

	/*
	 * Abort the TCP.
	 */
	case PRU_ABORT:
		tp = tcp_drop(tp, ECONNABORTED);
		break;

	case PRU_SENSE:
		((struct stat *) m)->st_blksize = so->so_snd.sb_hiwat;
		(void) splx(s);
		return (0);

	case PRU_RCVOOB:
		if ((so->so_oobmark == 0 &&
		    (so->so_state & SS_RCVATMARK) == 0) ||
		    so->so_options & SO_OOBINLINE ||
		    tp->t_oobflags & TCPOOB_HADDATA) {
			error = EINVAL;
			break;
		}
		if ((tp->t_oobflags & TCPOOB_HAVEDATA) == 0) {
			error = EWOULDBLOCK;
			break;
		}
		m->m_len = 1;
		*mtod(m, caddr_t) = tp->t_iobc;
		if (((int)nam & MSG_PEEK) == 0)
			tp->t_oobflags ^= (TCPOOB_HAVEDATA | TCPOOB_HADDATA);
		break;

	case PRU_SENDOOB:
		if (sbspace(&so->so_snd) < -512) {
			m_freem(m);
			error = ENOBUFS;
			break;
		}
		/*
		 * According to RFC961 (Assigned Protocols),
		 * the urgent pointer points to the last octet
		 * of urgent data.  We continue, however,
		 * to consider it to indicate the first octet
		 * of data past the urgent section.
		 * Otherwise, snd_up should be one lower.
		 */
		sbappend(&so->so_snd, m);
		tp->snd_up = tp->snd_una + so->so_snd.sb_cc;
		tp->t_force = 1;
		error = tcp_output(tp);
		tp->t_force = 0;
		break;

	case PRU_SOCKADDR:
		in_setsockaddr(inp, nam);
		break;

	case PRU_PEERADDR:
		in_setpeeraddr(inp, nam);
		break;

	/*
	 * TCP slow timer went off; going through this
	 * routine for tracing's sake.
	 */
	case PRU_SLOWTIMO:
		tp = tcp_timers(tp, (int)nam);
		req |= (int)nam << 8;		/* for debug's sake */
		break;

	default:
		panic("tcp_usrreq");
	}
	if (tp && (so->so_options & SO_DEBUG))
		tcp_trace(TA_USER, ostate, tp, (struct tcpiphdr *)0, req);
	splx(s);
	return (error);
}

int
tcp_ctloutput(op, so, level, optname, mp)
	int op;
	struct socket *so;
	int level, optname;
	struct mbuf **mp;
{
	int error = 0, s;
	struct inpcb *inp;
	register struct tcpcb *tp;
	register struct mbuf *m;
	register int i;

	s = splnet();
	inp = sotoinpcb(so);
	if (inp == NULL) {
		splx(s);
		if (op == PRCO_SETOPT && *mp)
			(void) m_free(*mp);
		return (ECONNRESET);
	}
	if (level != IPPROTO_TCP) {
		error = ip_ctloutput(op, so, level, optname, mp);
		splx(s);
		return (error);
	}
	tp = intotcpcb(inp);

	switch (op) {

	case PRCO_SETOPT:
		m = *mp;
		switch (optname) {

		case TCP_NODELAY:
			if (m == NULL || m->m_len < sizeof (int))
				error = EINVAL;
			else if (*mtod(m, int *))
				tp->t_flags |= TF_NODELAY;
			else
				tp->t_flags &= ~TF_NODELAY;
			break;

		case TCP_MAXSEG:
			if (m && (i = *mtod(m, int *)) > 0 && i <= tp->t_maxseg)
				tp->t_maxseg = i;
			else
				error = EINVAL;
			break;

		default:
			error = ENOPROTOOPT;
			break;
		}
		if (m)
			(void) m_free(m);
		break;

	case PRCO_GETOPT:
		*mp = m = m_get(M_WAIT, MT_SOOPTS);
		m->m_len = sizeof(int);

		switch (optname) {
		case TCP_NODELAY:
			*mtod(m, int *) = tp->t_flags & TF_NODELAY;
			break;
		case TCP_MAXSEG:
			*mtod(m, int *) = tp->t_maxseg;
			break;
		default:
			error = ENOPROTOOPT;
			break;
		}
		break;
	}
	splx(s);
	return (error);
}

u_long	tcp_sendspace = 1024*8;
u_long	tcp_recvspace = 1024*8;

/*
 * Attach TCP protocol to socket, allocating
 * internet protocol control block, tcp control block,
 * bufer space, and entering LISTEN state if to accept connections.
 */
int
tcp_attach(so)
	struct socket *so;
{
	register struct tcpcb *tp;
	struct inpcb *inp;
	int error;

	if (so->so_snd.sb_hiwat == 0 || so->so_rcv.sb_hiwat == 0) {
		error = soreserve(so, tcp_sendspace, tcp_recvspace);
		if (error)
			return (error);
	}
	error = in_pcballoc(so, &tcb);
	if (error)
		return (error);
	inp = sotoinpcb(so);
	tp = tcp_newtcpcb(inp);
	if (tp == 0) {
		int nofd = so->so_state & SS_NOFDREF;	/* XXX */

		so->so_state &= ~SS_NOFDREF;	/* don't free the socket yet */
		in_pcbdetach(inp);
		so->so_state |= nofd;
		return (ENOBUFS);
	}
	tp->t_state = TCPS_CLOSED;
	return (0);
}

/*
 * Initiate (or continue) disconnect.
 * If embryonic state, just send reset (once).
 * If in ``let data drain'' option and linger null, just drop.
 * Otherwise (hard), mark socket disconnecting and drop
 * current input data; switch states based on user close, and
 * send segment to peer (with FIN).
 */
struct tcpcb *
tcp_disconnect(tp)
	register struct tcpcb *tp;
{
	struct socket *so = tp->t_inpcb->inp_socket;

	if (tp->t_state < TCPS_ESTABLISHED)
		tp = tcp_close(tp);
	else if ((so->so_options & SO_LINGER) && so->so_linger == 0)
		tp = tcp_drop(tp, 0);
	else {
		soisdisconnecting(so);
		sbflush(&so->so_rcv);
		tp = tcp_usrclosed(tp);
		if (tp)
			(void) tcp_output(tp);
	}
	return (tp);
}

/*
 * User issued close, and wish to trail through shutdown states:
 * if never received SYN, just forget it.  If got a SYN from peer,
 * but haven't sent FIN, then go to FIN_WAIT_1 state to send peer a FIN.
 * If already got a FIN from peer, then almost done; go to LAST_ACK
 * state.  In all other cases, have already sent FIN to peer (e.g.
 * after PRU_SHUTDOWN), and just have to play tedious game waiting
 * for peer to send FIN or not respond to keep-alives, etc.
 * We can let the user exit from the close as soon as the FIN is acked.
 */
struct tcpcb *
tcp_usrclosed(tp)
	register struct tcpcb *tp;
{

	switch (tp->t_state) {

	case TCPS_CLOSED:
	case TCPS_LISTEN:
	case TCPS_SYN_SENT:
		tp->t_state = TCPS_CLOSED;
		tp = tcp_close(tp);
		break;

	case TCPS_SYN_RECEIVED:
	case TCPS_ESTABLISHED:
		tp->t_state = TCPS_FIN_WAIT_1;
		break;

	case TCPS_CLOSE_WAIT:
		tp->t_state = TCPS_LAST_ACK;
		break;
	}
	if (tp && tp->t_state >= TCPS_FIN_WAIT_2)
		soisdisconnected(tp->t_inpcb->inp_socket);
	return (tp);
}