Source to mint/dosmem.c


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/*
 * This file has been modified as part of the FreeMiNT project. See
 * the file Changes.MH for details and dates.
 */

/*
Copyright 1990,1991,1992 Eric R. Smith.
Copyright 1992,1993,1994 Atari Corporation.
All rights reserved.
*/

/*
 * GEMDOS emulation routines: these are for the GEMDOS system calls
 * concerning allocating/freeing memory, including Pexec() (since
 * this allocates memory) and Pterm() (since this, implicitly, frees
 * it).
 */

#include "mint.h"

#define DIRSEP(c) ((c) == '\\')

int procdate, proctime;	/* set when any processes are created/destroyed */

/*
 * new call for TT TOS, for the user to inform DOS of alternate memory
 * FIXME: we really shouldn't trust the user so completely
 * FIXME: doesn't work if memory protection is on
 */

long ARGS_ON_STACK
m_addalt(start, size)
	long start, size;
{
	extern int no_mem_prot;		/* see main.c and memprot.c */

	if (!no_mem_prot) return 0;	/* pretend to succeed */
	if (!add_region(alt, start, size, M_ALT))
		return EINTRN;
	else
		return 0;
}

/*
 * internal routine for doing Malloc on a particular memory map
 */

long
_do_malloc(map, size, mode)
	MMAP map;
	long size;
	int mode;
{
	virtaddr v;
	MEMREGION *m;
	long maxsize, mleft;

	if (size == -1L) {
		maxsize = max_rsize(map, 0L);
		if (curproc->maxmem) {
			mleft = curproc->maxmem - memused(curproc);
			if (maxsize > mleft)
				maxsize = mleft;
			if (maxsize < 0)
				maxsize = 0;
		}
	/* make sure to round down */
		return maxsize & ~MASKBITS;
	}

/* special case: Malloc(0) should always return 0 */
	if (size == 0)
		return 0;

	if (curproc->maxmem) {		/* memory limit? */
		if (size > curproc->maxmem - memused(curproc)) {
			DEBUG(("malloc: memory request would exceed limit"));
			return 0;
		}
	}

	m = get_region(map, size, mode);
	if (!m) {
		return 0;
	}
	v = attach_region(curproc, m);
	if (!v) {
		m->links = 0;
		free_region(m);
		return 0;
	}
/* NOTE: get_region returns a region with link count 1; since attach_region
 * increments the link count, we have to remember to decrement the count
 * to correct for this.
 */
	m->links--;
	if ((mode & F_KEEP)) {	/* request for permanent memory */
		m->mflags |= M_KEEP;
	}
#if 1
	/* some programs crash when newly allocated memory isn't all zero,
	 * like TOS 1.(0)4 GEM when loading xcontrol.acc...
	 */
	if ((curproc->memflags & F_ALLOCZERO) || (mode & F_ALLOCZERO))
		zero((char *)m->loc, m->len);
#endif
	return (long)v;
}

long ARGS_ON_STACK
m_xalloc(size, mode)
	long size;
	int mode;
{
	long r, r1;
	int protmode;
#ifdef DEBUG_INFO
	int origmode = mode;
#endif

	TRACE(("Mxalloc(%ld,%x)",size,mode));

/*
 * AKP: Hack here: if the calling process' PC is in ROM, then this is a
 * Malloc call made by VDI's v_opnvwk routine.  So we change mode to
 * include "super accessible."  This is temporary, until VDI catches up
 * with multitasking TOS.
 */

	if (((mode & F_PROTMODE) == 0) &&
	    (curproc->ctxt[SYSCALL].pc > 0x00e00000L) &&
	    (curproc->ctxt[SYSCALL].pc < 0x00efffffL)) {
#ifndef MULTITOS
	  extern long gem_start;
	  if (gem_start && curproc->ctxt[SYSCALL].pc >= gem_start)
	    {
	      mode |= F_PROT_G + 0x10;
	      TRACE (("m_xalloc: AES special (call from ROM)"));
	    }
	  else
#endif
	    {
		mode |= (F_PROT_S + 0x10) | F_KEEP;
		TRACE(("m_xalloc: VDI special (call from ROM)"));
	    }
	}
/*
 * If the mode argument comes in a zero, then set it to the default
 * value from prgflags.  Otherwise subtract one from it to bring it
 * into line with the actual argument to alloc_region.
 */
	protmode = (mode & F_PROTMODE) >> F_PROTSHIFT;

	if (protmode == 0) {
	    protmode = (curproc->memflags & F_PROTMODE) >> F_PROTSHIFT;
	}
	else --protmode;

	if (protmode > PROT_MAX_MODE) {
	    DEBUG(("Mxalloc: invalid protection mode changed to private"));
	    protmode = PROT_P;
	}

#if 0
/* I'm very suspicious of the 0x08 flag; I can't see how it could
 * work as the comment below seems to indicate -- ERS
 */

/*
 * if the mode argument has the 0x08 bit set then you're trying to change
 * the protection mode of a block you already own. "size" is really its
 * base address. (new as of 2/6/92)
 */
	if (mode & 0x08) change_prot_status(curproc,size,protmode);
#endif

	/*
	 * Copy the F_KEEP attribute into protmode.  We didn't do that
	 * before now because change_prot_status don't want to see no
	 * steenking nofree attributes.
	 */

	protmode |= (mode & F_KEEP);

	/* mask off all but the ST/alternative RAM bits before further use */
	mode &= 3;

	if (mode == 0) {
		r = _do_malloc(core, size, protmode);
		goto ret;
	}
	else if (mode == 1) {
		r = _do_malloc(alt, size, protmode);
		goto ret;
	}
	else if (size == -1) {
		/* modes 2 and 3 are the same for for size -1 */
		r = _do_malloc(core, -1L, PROT_P);
		r1 = _do_malloc(alt, -1L, PROT_P);
		if (r1 > r) r = r1;
		goto ret;
	}
	else if (mode == 2) {
		r = _do_malloc(core, size, protmode);
		if (r == 0) r = _do_malloc(alt, size, protmode);
		goto ret;
	}
	else /* if (mode == 3) */ {
		r = _do_malloc(alt, size, protmode);
		if (r == 0) r = _do_malloc(core, size, protmode);
		goto ret;
	}
ret:
	if (r == 0) {
		DEBUG(("m_xalloc(%lx,%x) returns 0",size,origmode));
	} else {
		TRACE(("m_xalloc(%lx,%x) returns %lx",size,origmode,r));
	}
	return r;
}

long ARGS_ON_STACK
m_alloc(size)
	long size;
{
	long r;

	TRACE(("Malloc(%lx)", size));
	if (curproc->memflags & F_ALTALLOC)
		r = m_xalloc(size, 3);
	else
		r = m_xalloc(size, 0);
	TRACE(("Malloc: returning %lx", r));
	return r;
}

long ARGS_ON_STACK
m_free(block)
	virtaddr block;
{
	MEMREGION *m;
	int i;

	TRACE(("Mfree(%lx)", block));
	if (!block) {
		DEBUG(("Mfree: null pointer"));
		return EIMBA;
	}

/* search backwards so that most recently allocated incarnations of
   shared memory blocks are freed first (this doesn't matter very often)
 */

	for (i = curproc->num_reg - 1; i >= 0; i--) {
		if (curproc->addr[i] == block) {
			m = curproc->mem[i];
			assert(m != NULL);
			assert(m->loc == (long)block);
			curproc->mem[i] = 0;
			curproc->addr[i] = 0;
			m->links--;
			if (m->links == 0) {
				free_region(m);
			}
			return 0;
		}
	}

/* hmmm... if we didn't find the region, perhaps it's a global
 * one (with the M_KEEP flag set) belonging to a process that
 * terminated
 */
	for (i = rootproc->num_reg - 1; i >= 0; i--) {
		if (rootproc->addr[i] == block) {
			m = rootproc->mem[i];
			assert(m != NULL);
			assert(m->loc == (long)block);
			if (!(m->mflags & M_KEEP))
				continue;
			TRACE(("Freeing M_KEPT memory"));
			rootproc->mem[i] = 0;
			rootproc->addr[i] = 0;
			m->links--;
			if (m->links == 0) {
				free_region(m);
			}
			return 0;
		}
	}


	DEBUG(("Mfree: bad address %lx", block));
	return EIMBA;
}

long ARGS_ON_STACK
m_shrink(dummy, block, size)
	int dummy;
	virtaddr block;
	long size;
{
	MEMREGION *m;
	int i;

	UNUSED(dummy);
	TRACE(("Mshrink: %lx to %ld", block, size));
	if (!block) {
		DEBUG(("Mshrink: null pointer"));
		return EIMBA;
	}

	for (i = 0; i < curproc->num_reg; i++) {
		if (curproc->addr[i] == block) {
			m = curproc->mem[i];
			assert(m != NULL);
			assert(m->loc == (long)block);
			return shrink_region(m, size);
		}
	}
	DEBUG(("Mshrink: bad address (%lx)", block));
	return EIMBA;
}

long ARGS_ON_STACK
p_exec(mode, ptr1, ptr2, ptr3)
	int mode;
	void *ptr1, *ptr2, *ptr3;
{
	MEMREGION *base,
		*env = 0;	/* assignment suppresses spurious warning */
	MEMREGION *text = 0;	/* for shared text regions */
	PROC *p;
	long r, flags = 0;
	int i;
	char mkbase = 0, mkload = 0, mkgo = 0, mkwait = 0, mkfree = 0;
	char overlay = 0;
	char thread = 0;
	char ptrace;
	char mkname = 0, *newname, *lastslash;
	char localname[PNAMSIZ+1];
	XATTR xattr;
	int newpid;
#ifndef MULTITOS
	extern BASEPAGE *gem_base;
#endif

#ifdef DEBUG_INFO
/* tfmt and tail_offs are used for debugging only */
	const char *tfmt = "Pexec(%d,%s,\"%s\",%lx)";
	int tail_offs = 1;
#endif

/* the high bit of mode controls process tracing */
	switch(mode & 0x7fff) {
	case 0:
		mkwait = 1;		/* fall through */
	case 100:
		mkload = mkgo = mkfree = 1;
		mkname = 1;
		break;
	case 200:			/* overlay current process */
		mkload = mkgo = 1;
		overlay = mkname = 1;
		break;
	case 3:
		mkload = 1;
		break;
	case 6:
		mkfree = 1;
		/* fall through */
	case 4:
		mkwait = mkgo = 1;
		thread = (mode == 4);
#ifdef DEBUG_INFO
		tfmt = "Pexec(%d,%lx,BP:%lx,%lx)";
		tail_offs = 0;
#endif
		break;
	case 106:
		mkfree = 1;		/* fall through */
	case 104:
		thread = (mode == 104);
		mkgo = 1;
		mkname = (ptr1 != 0);
#ifdef DEBUG_INFO
		tfmt = "Pexec(%d,%s,BP:%lx,%lx)";
		tail_offs = 0;
#endif
		break;
	case 206:
#if 0
	/* mkfree has no effect when overlay is set, since
	 * in this case the "parent" and "child" are the same
	 * process; since the "child" will run in memory that the
	 * "parent" allocated, we don't want that memory freed!
	 */
		mkfree = 1;
#endif
		/* fall through */
	case 204:
		mkgo = overlay = 1;
		mkname = (ptr1 != 0);
#ifdef DEBUG_INFO
		tfmt = "Pexec(%d,%s,BP:%lx,%lx)";
		tail_offs = 0;
#endif
		break;
	case 7:
		flags = (long)ptr1;	/* set program flags */
		if (((flags & F_PROTMODE) >> F_PROTSHIFT) > PROT_MAX_MODE) {
		    DEBUG (("Pexec: invalid protection mode changed to private"));
		    flags = (flags & ~F_PROTMODE) | F_PROT_P;
		}
#ifndef MULTITOS
		if ((flags & F_PROTMODE) == 0 && curproc->base == gem_base)
		  {
		    flags |= F_PROT_G;
		    TRACE (("p_exec: AES special"));
		  }
#endif
					/* and fall through */
	case 5:
		mkbase = 1;
#ifdef DEBUG_INFO
		tfmt = "Pexec(%d,%lx,%s,%lx)";
		tail_offs = 0;
#endif
		break;
	default:
		DEBUG(("Pexec(%d,%lx,%lx,%lx): bad mode",mode,ptr1,ptr2,ptr3));
		return EINVFN;
	}

	TRACE((tfmt,mode,ptr1,(char *)ptr2+tail_offs,ptr3));

/* Pexec with mode 0x8000 indicates tracing should be active */
	ptrace = (!mkwait && (mode & 0x8000));

/* in most cases, we'll want a process struct to exist,
 * so make sure one is around. Note that we must be
 * careful to free it later!
 */

TRACE(("Checking for memory for new PROC structure"));
	p = 0;
	if (!overlay) {
		p = new_proc();
		if (!p) {
			DEBUG(("Pexec: couldn't get a PROC struct"));
			return ENSMEM;
		}
	}

/* make a local copy of the name, in case we are overlaying the current
 * process
 */
	if (mkname) {
		lastslash = 0;
		newname = ptr1;
		while (*newname) {
			if (*newname == '\\' || *newname == '/')
				lastslash = newname;
			++newname;
		}
		if (!lastslash)
			lastslash = ptr1;
		else
			lastslash++;

		i = 0; newname = localname;
		while (i++ < PNAMSIZ) {
			if (*lastslash == '.' || *lastslash == 0) {
				*newname = 0; break;
			}
			else
				*newname++ = *lastslash++;
		}
		*newname = 0;
	}

TRACE(("creating environment"));

	if (mkload || mkbase) {
		env = create_env((char *)ptr3, flags);
		if (!env) {
			DEBUG(("Pexec: unable to create environment"));
			if (p) dispose_proc(p);
			return ENSMEM;
		}
	}

TRACE(("creating base page"));

	if (mkbase) {
		base = create_base((char *)ptr2, env, flags, 0L, 0L, 0L, 0L, 0L, 0L);
		if (!base) {
			DEBUG(("Pexec: unable to create basepage"));
			detach_region(curproc, env);
			if (p) dispose_proc(p);
			return ENSMEM;
		}
TRACELOW(("Pexec: basepage region(%lx) is %ld bytes at %lx", base, base->len, base->loc));
	}
	else if (mkload) {
		char cbuf[128], *tail = ptr2;
		if (overlay) {
			static char fbuf[PATH_MAX];
			cbuf[127] = 0;
			ptr1 = strncpy (fbuf, ptr1, PATH_MAX-2);
			tail = strncpy (cbuf, ptr2, 127);
		}
#if 0
		base = load_region((char *)ptr1, env, (char *)tail,
			&xattr, &text, &flags, 0);
#else
		base = load_region((char *)ptr1, env, (char *)tail,
			&xattr, &text, &flags, overlay);
#endif
		if (!base) {
			DEBUG(("Pexec: load_region failed"));
			detach_region(curproc, env);
			if (p) dispose_proc(p);
			return mint_errno;
		}
TRACE(("Pexec: basepage region(%lx) is %ld bytes at %lx", base, base->len, base->loc));
	}
	else {	/* mode == 4,6,104,106,204, or 206 -- just go */
		base = addr2mem((virtaddr)ptr2);
		if (base)
			env = addr2mem(*(void **)(base->loc + 0x2c));
		else
			env = 0;
		if (!env) {
			DEBUG(("Pexec: memory not owned by parent"));
			if (p) dispose_proc(p);
			return EIMBA;
		}
#if 0
      /* make sure that the PC we are about to use is in a region which is
       * attached to the process; this is most commonly a problem for
       * shared text segment programs.
       * BUG: we should verify that the PC is in a region to which the
       * child process should legitimately have access.
       */
              text = addr2region(((BASEPAGE *)base->loc)->p_tbase);
              if (text == base) {
              /* text segment is part of base region */
                      text = NULL;
              }
#endif
	}

	if (mkload || mkbase) {
	    /*
	     * Now that the file's loaded, flags is set to the prgflags
	     * for the file.  In the case of mkbase it's been right all along.
	     * Here's where we change the protection on the environment to
	     * match those flags.
	     */
	    mark_region(env,(short)((flags & F_PROTMODE) >> F_PROTSHIFT));
	}


	if (mkgo) {
		BASEPAGE *b;

	/* tell the child who the parent was */
		b = (BASEPAGE *)base->loc;

		if (overlay) {
			b->p_parent = curproc->base->p_parent;
			if (p) dispose_proc(p);
			p = curproc;
		/* make sure that exec_region doesn't free the base and env */
			base->links++;
			env->links++;
			if (text) text->links++;
		} else {
			b->p_parent = curproc->base;
			p = fork_proc(p);
		}
		if (!p) {
			if (mkbase) {
				detach_region(curproc, base);
				detach_region(curproc, env);
				if (text) detach_region(curproc, text);
			}
			return mint_errno;
		}

	/* jr: add Pexec information to PROC struct */
		strncpy(p->cmdlin, b->p_cmdlin, 128);
		if (mkload || (thread && ptr1)) {
			char tmp[PATH_MAX];
			char *source = ptr1;
			tmp[1] = ':';
			if (source[1] == ':') {
				tmp[0] = toupper(source[0]);
				source += 2;
			} else {
				tmp[0] = 'A' + curproc->curdrv;
			}
			if (DIRSEP(source[0])) {	/* absolute path? */
				strncpy (&tmp[2], &source[0], PATH_MAX-2);
				strcpy (p->fname, tmp);
			} else {
				if (!d_getcwd (&tmp[2], tmp[0] - 'A' + 1, PATH_MAX - 2)) {
					ksprintf (p->fname, "%s\\%s", tmp, source);
				} else {
					ksprintf (p->fname, "%s", source);
				}
			}
		}

		if (ptrace)
			p->ptracer = pid2proc(p->ppid);

#ifdef MULTITOS
	/* Stephan Haslbeck: GEM kludge no. x+1
	 * If a program is started by AESSYS, reset its euid/egid,
	 * so AES can run with root rights, but user programs don't.
	 * This should be done by the AES, however.
	 */
		if(!strcmp(curproc->name, "AESSYS")) {
			p->euid = p->suid = p->ruid;
			p->egid = p->sgid = p->rgid;
		}
#endif

	/* Even though the file system won't allow unauthorized access
	 * to setuid/setgid programs, it's better to err on the side of
	 * caution and forbid them to be traced (since the parent can arrange
	 * to share the child's address space, not all accesses need to
	 * go through the file system.)
	 */
		if (mkload && mkgo && !p->ptracer) {	/* setuid/setgid is OK */
			if (xattr.mode & S_ISUID)
				p->euid = p->suid = xattr.uid;
			else
				p->suid = p->euid;
			if (xattr.mode & S_ISGID)
				p->egid = p->sgid = xattr.gid;
			else
				p->sgid = p->egid;
		}
	/* exec_region frees the memory attached to p; that's always what
	 * we want, since fork_proc duplicates the memory, and since
	 * if we didn't call fork_proc then we're overlaying.
	 * NOTE: after this call, we may not be able to access the
	 * original address space that the Pexec was taking place in
	 * (if this is an overlaid Pexec, we just freed that memory).
	 */
		(void)exec_region(p, base, thread);
		attach_region(p, env);
		attach_region(p, base);
		if (text) attach_region(p, text);

		if (mkname) {
	/* interesting coincidence -- if a process needs a name, it usually
	 * needs to have its domain reset to DOM_TOS. Doing it this way
	 * (instead of doing it in exec_region) means that Pexec(4,...)
	 * can be used to create new threads of execution which retain
	 * the same domain.
	 */
			if (!thread)
				p->domain = DOM_TOS;

	/* put in the new process name we saved above */
			strcpy(p->name, localname);
		}

	/* turn on tracing for the new process */
		if (p->ptracer)
			p->ctxt[CURRENT].ptrace = 1;

	/* set the time/date stamp of u:\proc */
		proctime = timestamp;
		procdate = datestamp;

		if (overlay) {
			/* correct for temporary increase in links (see above) */
			base->links--;
			env->links--;
			if (text) text->links--;
			/* let our parent run, if it Vfork'd() */
			if ( (p = pid2proc(curproc->ppid)) != 0 ) {
				short sr = spl7();
				if (p->wait_q == WAIT_Q && 
				    p->wait_cond == (long)curproc) {
					rm_q(WAIT_Q, p);
					add_q(READY_Q, p);
				}
				spl(sr);
			}

		/* OK, let's run our new code */
		/* we guarantee ourselves at least 3 timeslices to do an Mshrink */
			assert(curproc->magic == CTXT_MAGIC);
			fresh_slices(3);
			leave_kernel();
			change_context(&(curproc->ctxt[CURRENT]));
		}
		else {
	/* we want this process to run ASAP */
	/* so we temporarily give it high priority and put it first on the
	 * run queue
	 */
			run_next(p, 3);
		}
	}

	if (mkfree) {
		detach_region(curproc, base);
		detach_region(curproc, env);
		if (text) detach_region(curproc, text);
	}

	if (mkwait) {
		long oldsigint, oldsigquit;

		oldsigint = curproc->sighandle[SIGINT];
		oldsigquit = curproc->sighandle[SIGQUIT];
		curproc->sighandle[SIGINT] =
			 curproc->sighandle[SIGQUIT] = SIG_IGN;

		newpid = p->pid;
		for(;;) {
			r = p_waitpid(curproc->pid ? newpid : -1, 0, (long *)0);
			if (r < 0) {
				ALERT("p_exec: wait error");
				return EINTRN;
			}
			if ( newpid == ((r&0xffff0000L) >> 16) ) {
				TRACE(("leaving Pexec; child return code %ld", r));
				r = r & 0x0000ffffL;
				break;
			}
			if (curproc->pid)
				DEBUG(("Pexec: wrong child found"));
		}
		curproc->sighandle[SIGINT] = oldsigint;
		curproc->sighandle[SIGQUIT] = oldsigquit;
		return r;
	}
	else if (mkgo) {
	/* warning: after the yield() the "p" structure may not exist any more
	 * (if the child exits right away)
	 */
		newpid = p->pid;
		yield();	/* let the new process run */
		return newpid;
	} else {
		/* guarantee ourselves at least 3 timeslices to do an Mshrink */
		fresh_slices(3);
		TRACE(("leaving Pexec with basepage address %lx", base->loc));
		return base->loc;
	}
}

/*
 * terminate a process, with return code "code". If que == ZOMBIE_Q, free
 * all resources attached to the child; if que == TSR_Q, free everything
 * but memory.
 * NOTE: terminate() should be called only when the process is to be
 * "terminated with extreme prejuidice". Most times, p_term or p_termres
 * are the functions to use, since they allow the user to do some cleaning
 * up, etc.
 */

long
terminate(code, que)
	int code, que;
{
	extern PROC *dlockproc[];	/* in dosdir.c */
	PROC *p;
	FILEPTR *fp;
	MEMREGION *m;
	MEMREGION **hold_mem;
	virtaddr *hold_addr;
	int  i, wakemint = 0;
	DIR *dirh, *nexth;
	short sr;
	extern short bconbsiz;	/* in bios.c */

	if (bconbsiz)
		(void) bflush();

	assert(que == ZOMBIE_Q || que == TSR_Q);

	if (curproc->pid == 0) {
		FATAL("attempt to terminate MiNT");
	}

/* cancel all user-specified interrupt signals */
	cancelsigintrs();
/* cancel all pending timeouts for this process */
	cancelalltimeouts();
/* cancel alarm clock */
	curproc->alarmtim = 0;

/* release any drives locked by Dlock */
	for(i = 0; i < NUM_DRIVES; i++) {
		if (dlockproc[i] == curproc) {
			dlockproc[i] = 0;
			changedrv(i);
		}
	}

#if 0
/* release the controlling terminal, if we're a process group leader */
	fp = curproc->handle[-1];
	if (fp && is_terminal(fp) && curproc->pgrp == curproc->pid) {
		struct tty *tty = (struct tty *)fp->devinfo;
		if (curproc->pgrp == tty->pgrp)
			tty->pgrp = 0;
	}
#else
/* release the controlling terminal, if we're the last member of this pgroup */
	fp = curproc->control;
	if (fp && is_terminal(fp)) {
		struct tty *tty = (struct tty *)fp->devinfo;
		int pgrp = curproc->pgrp;

		if (pgrp == tty->pgrp) {
			PROC *p;
			FILEPTR *pfp;

			if (tty->use_cnt > 1) {
				for (p = proclist; p; p = p->gl_next) {
					if (p->pgrp == pgrp && p != curproc &&
					    (0 != (pfp = p->control)) &&
					    pfp->fc.index == fp->fc.index &&
					    pfp->fc.dev == fp->fc.dev)
						goto found;
				}
			} else {
				for (p = proclist; p; p = p->gl_next) {
					if (p->pgrp == pgrp && p != curproc &&
					    p->control == fp)
						goto found;
				}
			}
			tty->pgrp = 0;
		}
found:
		;
	}
#endif
	/* close all files */
	for (i = MIN_HANDLE; i < MAX_OPEN; i++) {
		if ((fp = curproc->handle[i]) != 0)
			do_close(fp);
		curproc->handle[i] = 0;
	}
	/* close any unresolved Fsfirst/Fsnext directory searches */
	for (i = 0; i < NUM_SEARCH; i++) {
		if (curproc->srchdta[i]) {
			DIR *dirh = &curproc->srchdir[i];
			(*dirh->fc.fs->closedir)(dirh);
			release_cookie(&dirh->fc);
			dirh->fc.fs = 0;
		}
	}

/* close pending opendir/readdir searches */
	for (dirh = curproc->searches; dirh; ) {
		if (dirh->fc.fs) {
			(*dirh->fc.fs->closedir)(dirh);
			release_cookie(&dirh->fc);
		}
		nexth = dirh->next;
		kfree(dirh);
		dirh = nexth;
	}

/* release the directory cookies held by the process */
	for (i = 0; i < NUM_DRIVES; i++) {
		release_cookie(&curproc->curdir[i]);
		curproc->curdir[i].fs = 0;
		release_cookie(&curproc->root[i]);
		curproc->root[i].fs = 0;
	}

/* release all semaphores owned by this process */
	free_semaphores(curproc->pid);

/* free all memory */
/* if mflags & M_KEEP then attach it to process 0 */
	if (que == ZOMBIE_Q) {
		for (i = curproc->num_reg - 1; i >=0; i--) {
			m = curproc->mem[i];
			curproc->mem[i] = 0; curproc->addr[i] = 0;
			if (m) {
		/* don't free specially allocated memory */
				if ((m->mflags & M_KEEP) && (m->links <= 1)) {
					if (curproc != rootproc)
					    attach_region(rootproc, m);
				}
/* Leave shared text regions in memory, get_region will reclaim them if
   memory runs low. Assume that we will never have 65535 processes
   using a particular memory region. */
				m->links--;
				if (m->links == 0) {
					if (m->mflags & M_SHTEXT_T)
						m->links = 0xffff;
					else
						free_region(m);
				}
			}
		}

		/*
		 * mark the mem & addr arrays as void so the memory
		 * protection code won't try to walk them. Do this before
		 * freeing them so we don't try to walk them when marking
		 * those pages themselves as free!
		 *
		 * Note: when a process terminates, the MMU root pointer
		 * still points to that process' page table, until the next
		 * process is dispatched.  This is OK, since the process'
		 * page table is in system memory, and it isn't going to be
		 * freed.  It is going to wind up on the free process list,
		 * though, after dispose_proc. This might be Not A Good
		 * Thing.
		 */

		hold_addr = curproc->addr;
		hold_mem = curproc->mem;

		curproc->mem = NULL;
		curproc->addr = NULL;
		curproc->num_reg = 0;

		kfree(hold_addr);
		kfree(hold_mem);
	}
/*	else
		 make TSR process non-swappable */

/*
 * make sure that any open files that refer to this process are
 * closed
 */
	changedrv(PROC_RDEV_BASE | curproc->pid);

/* find our parent (if parent not found, then use process 0 as parent
 * since that process is constantly in a wait loop)
 */

	p = pid2proc(curproc->ppid);
	if (!p) {
		TRACE(("terminate: parent not found"));
		p = pid2proc(0);
	}

/* NOTE: normally just post_sig is sufficient for sending a signal; but
 * in this particular case, we have to worry about processes that are
 * blocking all signals because they Vfork'd and are waiting for us to
 * finish (which is indicated by a wait_cond matching our PROC
 * structure), and also processes that are ignoring SIGCHLD but are
 * waiting for us.
 */
	sr = spl7();
	if (p->wait_q == WAIT_Q && 
	    (p->wait_cond == (long)curproc || p->wait_cond == (long)p_waitpid) ) {
		rm_q(WAIT_Q, p);
		add_q(READY_Q, p);
		spl(sr);
		TRACE(("terminate: waking up parent"));
	}
	spl(sr);
	if (curproc->ptracer && curproc->ptracer != p) {
		/* BUG: should we ensure curproc->ptracer is awake ? */
		post_sig(curproc->ptracer, SIGCHLD);	/* tell tracing process */
	}
	post_sig(p, SIGCHLD);		/* inform of process termination */

/* find our children, and orphan them
 * also, check for processes we were tracing, and
 * cancel the trace
 */
	i = curproc->pid;
	for (p = proclist; p; p = p->gl_next) {
		if (p->ppid == i) {
			p->ppid = 0;	/* have the system adopt it */
			if (p->wait_q == ZOMBIE_Q) 
				wakemint = 1;	/* we need to wake proc. 0 */
		}
		if (p->ptracer == curproc) {
			p->ptracer = 0;
/*
 * `FEATURE': we terminate traced processes when the tracer terminates.
 * It might plausibly be argued that it would be better to let them
 * continue, to let some (new) tracer take them over. On the other hand,
 * if the tracer terminated normally, it should have used Fcntl(PTRACESFLAGS)
 * to reset the trace nicely, so something must be wrong for us to have
 * reached here.
 */
			post_sig(p, SIGTERM);	/* arrange for termination */
		}
	}

	if (wakemint) {
		short sr = spl7();
		p = rootproc;		/* pid 0 */
		if (p->wait_q == WAIT_Q) {
			rm_q(WAIT_Q, p);
			add_q(READY_Q, p);
		}
		spl(sr);
	}

/* this makes sure that our children are inherited by the system;
 * plus, it may help avoid problems if somehow a signal gets
 * through to us
 */
	for(i = 0; i < NSIG; i++)
		curproc->sighandle[i] = SIG_IGN;

/* finally, reset the time/date stamp for u:\proc */
	proctime = timestamp;
	procdate = datestamp;

	sleep(que, (long)(unsigned)code);

/* we shouldn't ever get here */
	FATAL("terminate: sleep woke up when it shouldn't have");
	return 0;
}

/*
 * TOS process termination entry points:
 * p_term terminates the process, freeing its memory
 * p_termres lets the process hang around resident in memory, after
 * shrinking its transient program area to "save" bytes
 */

long ARGS_ON_STACK
p_term(code)
	int code;
{
	CONTEXT *syscall;

	TRACE(("Pterm(%d)", code));
/* call the process termination vector */
	syscall = &curproc->ctxt[SYSCALL];

	if (syscall->term_vec != (long)rts) {
		TRACE(("term_vec: user has something to do"));
/*
 * we handle the termination vector just like Supexec(), by
 * sending signal 0 to the process. See supexec() in xbios.c for details.
 * Note that we _always_ want to unwind the signal stack, and setting
 * bit 1 of curproc->sigmask tells handle_sig to do that -- see signal.c.
 */
		curproc->sigmask |= 1L;
		(void)supexec((Func)syscall->term_vec, 0L, 0L, 0L, 0L, 
				(long)code);
/*
 * if we arrive here, continue with the termination...
 */
	}
	return terminate(code, ZOMBIE_Q);
}

long ARGS_ON_STACK
p_term0()
{
	return p_term(0);
}

long ARGS_ON_STACK
p_termres(save, code)
	long save;
	int code;
{
	MEMREGION *m;
	int i;

	TRACE(("Ptermres(%ld, %d)", save, code));
	m = curproc->mem[1];	/* should be the basepage (0 is env.) */
	if (m) {
		(void)shrink_region(m, save);
	}
/*
 * make all of the TSR's private memory globally accessible;
 * this means that more TSR's will "do the right thing"
 * without having to have prgflags set.
 */
	for (i = 0; i < curproc->num_reg; i++) {
		m = curproc->mem[i];
		if (m && m->links == 1) {	/* only the TSR is owner */
			if (get_prot_mode(m) == PROT_P) {
				mark_region(m, PROT_G);
			}
		}
	}
	return terminate(code, TSR_Q);
}

/*
 * routine for waiting for children to die. Return has the pid of the
 * found child in the high word, and the child's exit code in
 * the low word. If no children exist, return "File Not Found".
 * If (nohang & 1) is nonzero, then return a 0 immediately if we have
 * no dead children but some living ones that we still have to wait
 * for. If (nohang & 2) is nonzero, then we return any stopped
 * children; otherwise, only children that have exited or are stopped
 * due to a trace trap are returned.
 * If "rusage" is non-zero and a child is found, put the child's
 * resource usage into it (currently only the user and system time are
 * sent back).
 * The pid argument specifies a set of child processes for which status
 * is requested:
 * 	If pid is equal to -1, status is requested for any child process.
 *
 *	If pid is greater than zero, it specifies the process ID of a
 *	single child process for which status is requested.
 *
 *	If pid is equal to zero, status is requested for any child
 *	process whose process group ID is equal to that of the calling
 *	process.
 *
 *	If pid is less than -1, status is requested for any child process
 *	whose process group ID is equal to the absolute value of pid.
 *
 * Note this call is a real standard crosser... POSIX.1 doesn't have the
 * rusage stuff, BSD doesn't have the pid stuff; both are useful, so why
 * not have it all!
 */

long ARGS_ON_STACK
p_waitpid(pid, nohang, rusage)
	int pid;
	int nohang;
	long *rusage;
{
	long r;
	PROC *p, *q;
	int ourpid;
	int found;

	TRACE(("Pwaitpid(%d, %d, %lx)", pid, nohang, rusage));
	ourpid = curproc->pid;

/* if there are terminated children, clean up and return their info;
 * if there are children, but still running, wait for them;
 * if there are no children, return an error
 */

	do {
/* look for any children */
		found = 0;
		for (p = proclist; p; p = p->gl_next) {
			if ((p->ppid == ourpid || p->ptracer == curproc) &&
			    (pid == -1 ||
			    (pid > 0 && pid == p->pid) ||
			    (pid == 0 && p->pgrp == ourpid) ||
			    (pid < -1 && p->pgrp == -pid))) {
				found++;
				if (p->wait_q == ZOMBIE_Q || p->wait_q == TSR_Q)
					break;

/* p->wait_cond == 0 if a stopped process has already been waited for */
				if (p->wait_q == STOP_Q && p->wait_cond) {
				    if ((nohang & 2) ||
					((p->wait_cond&0x1f00) == (SIGTRAP<<8)))
					    break;
				}
			}
		}
		if (!p) {
			if (found) {
				if (nohang & 1)
					return 0;
				if (curproc->pid)
					TRACE(("Pwaitpid: going to sleep"));
				sleep(WAIT_Q, (long)p_waitpid);
			}
			else {
				DEBUG(("Pwaitpid: no children found"));
				return EFILNF;
			}
		}
	} while (!p);

/* OK, we've found our child */
/* calculate the return code from the child's exit code and pid */
	r = (((unsigned long)p->pid) << 16) | (p->wait_cond & 0x0000ffff);

/* check resource usage */
	if (rusage) {
		*rusage++ = p->usrtime + p->chldutime;
		*rusage = p->systime + p->chldstime;
	}

/* avoid adding adopted trace processes usage to the foster parent */
	if (curproc->pid == p->ppid) {
	/* add child's resource usage to parent's */
		if (p->wait_q == TSR_Q || p->wait_q == ZOMBIE_Q) {
			curproc->chldstime += p->systime + p->chldstime;
			curproc->chldutime += p->usrtime + p->chldutime;
		}
	}

/* if it was stopped, mark it as having been found and again return */
	if (p->wait_q == STOP_Q) {
		p->wait_cond = 0;
		return r;
	}

/* We have to worry about processes which attach themselves to running
 * processes which they want to trace. We fix things up so that the
 * second time the signal gets delivered we will go all the way to the
 * end of this function.
 */
 	if (p->ptracer && p->ptracer->pid != p->ppid) {
		if (curproc == p->ptracer) {
		/* deliver the signal to the tracing process first */
			TRACE(("Pwaitpid(ptracer): returning status to tracing process"));
			p->ptracer = NULL;
			if (p->ppid != -1)
				return r;
		}
		else {
		/* Hmmm, the real parent got here first */
			TRACE(("Pwaitpid(ptracer): returning status to parent process"));
			p->ppid = -1;
			return r;
		}
	}
	
/* if it was a TSR, mark it as having been found and return */
	if (p->wait_q == TSR_Q) {
		p->ppid = -1;
		return r;
	}

/* it better have been on the ZOMBIE queue from here on in... */
	assert(p->wait_q == ZOMBIE_Q);
	assert(p != curproc);

/* take the child off both the global and ZOMBIE lists */
	{ short sr = spl7();
	rm_q(ZOMBIE_Q, p);
	spl(sr);
	}

	if (proclist == p) {
		proclist = p->gl_next;
		p->gl_next = 0;
	}
	else {
		q = proclist;
		while(q && q->gl_next != p)
			q = q->gl_next;
		assert(q);
		q->gl_next = p->gl_next;
		p->gl_next = 0;
	}

	dispose_proc(p);	/* free the PROC structure */

	return r;
}

/* p_wait3: BSD process termination primitive, here to maintain
 * compatibility with existing binaries.
 */
long ARGS_ON_STACK
p_wait3(nohang, rusage)
	int nohang;
	long *rusage;
{
	return p_waitpid(-1, nohang, rusage);
}

/* p_wait: block until a child has exited, and don't worry about
   resource stats. this is provided as a convenience, and to maintain
   compatibility with existing binaries (yes, I'm lazy...). we could
   make do with Pwaitpid().
 */

long ARGS_ON_STACK
p_wait()
{
/*
 * BEWARE:
 * POSIX says that wait() should be implemented as
 * Pwaitpid(-1, 0, (long *)0). Pwait is really not
 * useful for much at all, but we'll keep it around
 * for a while (with it's old, crufty semantics)
 * for backwards compatibility. People implementing
 * POSIX style libraries should use Pwaitpid even
 * to implement wait().
 */
	return p_wait3(2, (long *)0);
}

/*
 * p_vfork(): create a duplicate of  the current process. The parent's
 * address space is not saved. The parent is suspended until either the
 * child process (the duplicate) exits or does a Pexec which overlays its
 * memory space.
 */

long ARGS_ON_STACK
p_vfork()
{
	PROC *p;
	long sigmask;
	int newpid;

	p = fork_proc(0L);
	if (!p) {
        DEBUG(("p_vfork: couldn't get new PROC struct"));
		return mint_errno;
	}
/* set u:\proc time+date */
	proctime = timestamp;
	procdate = datestamp;

				
	p->ctxt[CURRENT] = p->ctxt[SYSCALL];
	p->ctxt[CURRENT].regs[0] = 0;	/* child returns a 0 from call */
	p->ctxt[CURRENT].sr &= ~(0x2000); /* child must be in user mode */
#if 0		/* set up in fork_proc() */
	p->ctxt[CURRENT].ssp = (long)(p->stack + ISTKSIZE);
#endif

/* watch out for job control signals, since our parent can never wake
 * up to respond to them. solution: block them; exec_region (in mem.c)
 * clears the signal mask, so an exec() will unblock them.
 */
	p->sigmask |= (1L << SIGTSTP) | (1L << SIGTTIN) | (1L << SIGTTOU);

	TRACE(("p_vfork: parent going to sleep, wait_cond == %lx",
		(long)p));

/* WARNING: This sleep() must absolutely not wake up until the child
 * has released the memory space correctly. That's why we mask off
 * all signals.
 */
	sigmask = curproc->sigmask;
	curproc->sigmask = ~(((unsigned long)1 << SIGKILL) | 1);

	{ short sr = spl7();
	add_q(READY_Q, p);		/* put it on the ready queue */
	sleep(WAIT_Q, (long)p);			/* while we wait for it */
	spl(sr);
	}
	TRACE(("p_vfork: parent waking up"));

	curproc->sigmask = sigmask;
/* note that the PROC structure pointed to by p may be freed during
 * the check_sigs call!
 */
	newpid = p->pid;
	check_sigs();	/* did we get any signals while sleeping? */
	return newpid;
}

/*
 * p_fork(save): create a duplicate of  the current process. The parent's
 * address space is duplicated using a shadow region descriptor and a save
 * region, so both the parent and the child can be run. On a context switch
 * the parent's and child's address spaces will be exchanged (see proc.c).
 *
 * "txtsize" is the size of the process' TEXT area, if it has a valid one;
 * this is part of the second memory region attached (the basepage one)
 * and need not be saved (we assume processes don't write on their own
 * code segment).
 */

long ARGS_ON_STACK
p_fork()
{
	PROC *p;
	MEMREGION *m, *n;
	BASEPAGE *b;
	long txtsize;
	int i, j, newpid;

	p = fork_proc(0L);
	if (!p) {
		DEBUG(("p_fork: couldn't get new PROC struct"));
		return mint_errno;
	}
/* set u:\proc time+date */
	proctime = timestamp;
	procdate = datestamp;

/*
 * save the parent's address space
 */
	txtsize = p->txtsize;

	TRACE(("p_fork: duplicating parent memory"));
	for (i = 0; i < p->num_reg; i++) {
		m = p->mem[i];
		if (m && !(m->mflags & (M_SHTEXT|M_SHARED))) {
			if (m->mflags & M_SEEN) {
			/* Hmmm, this region has already been duplicated,
			 * reuse the duplicated region's descriptor and
			 * correct the link counts. Note that `m' still
			 * points to the parent's memory descriptor, so
			 * we must search the parent's memory table here.
			 */
				for (j = 0; curproc->mem[j] != m; j++)
					;
				n = p->mem[j];
				n->links++;
				m->links--;
			} else {
			/* Okay we have to create a new shadow and save
			 * region for this one
			 */
				n = fork_region(m, i == 1 ? txtsize : 0);
				m->mflags |= M_SEEN; /* save links only once */
			}

			if (!n) {
				DEBUG(("p_fork: can't save parent's memory"));
				p->ppid = 0;		/* abandon the child */
				post_sig(p, SIGKILL);	/* then kill it */
				p->ctxt[CURRENT].pc = (long)check_sigs;
				p->ctxt[CURRENT].sr |= 0x2000; /* use supervisor stack */
#if 0	/* stack set up in fork_proc() */
				p->ctxt[CURRENT].ssp = (long)(p->stack + ISTKSIZE);
#endif
				p->pri = MAX_NICE+1;
				run_next(p, 1);
				yield();
				return ENSMEM;
			}
			p->mem[i] = n;
		}
	}

/* The save regions are initially attached to the child's regions. To
 * prevent swapping of the region and its save region (which should still
 * be identical) on the next context switch, we attach them here to the
 * current process.
 */
	for (i = 0; i < curproc->num_reg; i++) {
		m = curproc->mem[i];
		if (m) {
			m->mflags &= ~M_SEEN;
			n = p->mem[i];
			if (n->save) {
				m->save = n->save;
				n->save = 0;
			}
		}
	}

/* Correct the parent basepage pointer on the child, it stills points to
 * its grandparent's basepage.
 */
	b = (BASEPAGE *)p->mem[1]->loc;
	b->p_parent = (BASEPAGE *)curproc->mem[1]->loc;

	p->ctxt[CURRENT] = p->ctxt[SYSCALL];
	p->ctxt[CURRENT].regs[0] = 0;	/* child returns a 0 from call */
	p->ctxt[CURRENT].sr &= ~(0x2000); /* child must be in user mode */
#if 0		/* set up in fork_proc() */
	p->ctxt[CURRENT].ssp = (long)(p->stack + ISTKSIZE);
#endif

/* Now run the child process. We want it to run ASAP, so we temporarily
 * give it high priority and put it first on the run queue. Warning:
 * After the yield() the "p" structure may not exist any more.
 */
	run_next(p, 3);
	newpid = p->pid;
	yield();
	return newpid;
}