Source to src/serial.c


Enter a symbol's name here to quickly find it.

 /*
  * UAE - The Un*x Amiga Emulator
  *
  *  Serial Line Emulation
  *
  * (c) 1996, 1997 Stefan Reinauer <stepan@linux.de>
  * (c) 1997 Christian Schmitt <schmitt@freiburg.linux.de>
  *
  */

#include "sysconfig.h"
#include "sysdeps.h"

#include "options.h"
#include "uae.h"
#include "memory.h"
#include "custom.h"
#include "newcpu.h"
#include "cia.h"

#undef POSIX_SERIAL
/* Some more or less good way to determine whether we can safely compile in
 * the serial stuff. I'm certain it breaks compilation on some systems. */
#if defined HAVE_SYS_TERMIOS_H && defined HAVE_POSIX_OPT_H && defined HAVE_SYS_IOCTL_H && defined HAVE_TCGETATTR
#define POSIX_SERIAL
#endif

#ifdef POSIX_SERIAL
#include <termios.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <sys/ioctl.h>
#endif

#if !defined B300 || !defined B1200 || !defined B2400 || !defined B4800 || !defined B9600
#undef POSIX_SERIAL
#endif
#if !defined B19200 || !defined B57600 || !defined B115200 || !defined B230400
#undef POSIX_SERIAL
#endif

#ifndef O_NONBLOCK
#define O_NONBLOCK O_NDELAY
#endif

#define SERIALDEBUG 1 /* 0, 1, 2 3 */
#define MODEMTEST   0 /* 0 or 1 */

void serial_open (void);
void serial_close (void);
void serial_init (void);
void serial_exit (void);

void serial_dtr_on (void);
void serial_dtr_off (void);

void serial_flush_buffer (void);
static int serial_read (char *buffer);

int serial_readstatus (void);
uae_u16 serial_writestatus (int, int);

uae_u16 SERDATR (void);

int  SERDATS (void);
void  SERPER (uae_u16 w);
void  SERDAT (uae_u16 w);

static char inbuf[1024], outbuf[1024];
static int inptr, inlast, outlast;

int waitqueue=0,
    carrier=0,
    serdev=0,
    dsr=0,
    dtr=0,
    isbaeh=0,
    doreadser=0,
    serstat=-1;

int sd = -1;

#ifdef POSIX_SERIAL
    struct termios tios;
#endif

uae_u16 serper=0,serdat;

void SERPER (uae_u16 w)
{
    int baud=0, pspeed;

    if (!currprefs.use_serial)
	return;

#if defined POSIX_SERIAL
    if (serper == w)  /* don't set baudrate if it's already ok */
	return;
    serper=w;

    if (w&0x8000)
	write_log ("SERPER: 9bit transmission not implemented.\n");

    switch (w & 0x7fff) {
     /* These values should be calculated by the current
      * color clock value (NTSC/PAL). But this solution is
      * easy and it works.
      */

     case 0x2e9b:
     case 0x2e14: baud=300; pspeed=B300; break;
     case 0x170a:
     case 0x0b85: baud=1200; pspeed=B1200; break;
     case 0x05c2:
     case 0x05b9: baud=2400; pspeed=B2400; break;
     case 0x02e9:
     case 0x02e1: baud=4800; pspeed=B4800; break;
     case 0x0174:
     case 0x0170: baud=9600; pspeed=B9600; break;
     case 0x00b9:
     case 0x00b8: baud=19200; pspeed=B19200; break;
     case 0x005c:
     case 0x005d: baud=38400; pspeed=B38400; break;
     case 0x003d: baud=57600; pspeed=B57600; break;
     case 0x001e: baud=115200; pspeed=B115200; break;
     case 0x000f: baud=230400; pspeed=B230400; break;
     default:
	write_log ("SERPER: unsupported baudrate (0x%04x) %d\n",w&0x7fff,
		 (unsigned int)(3579546.471/(double)((w&0x7fff)+1)));  return;
    }

    /* Only access hardware when we own it */
    if (serdev == 1) {
	if (tcgetattr (sd, &tios) < 0) {
	    write_log ("SERPER: TCGETATTR failed\n");
	    return;
	}

	if (cfsetispeed (&tios, pspeed) < 0) {    /* set serial input speed */
	    write_log ("SERPER: CFSETISPEED (%d bps) failed\n", baud);
	    return;
	}
	if (cfsetospeed (&tios, pspeed) < 0) {    /* set serial output speed */
	    write_log ("SERPER: CFSETOSPEED (%d bps) failed\n", baud);
	    return;
	}

	if (tcsetattr (sd, TCSADRAIN, &tios) < 0) {
	    write_log ("SERPER: TCSETATTR failed\n");
	    return;
	}
    }
#endif

#if SERIALDEBUG > 0
    if (serdev == 1)
	write_log ("SERPER: baudrate set to %d bit/sec\n", baud);
#endif
}

/* Not (fully) implemented yet:
 *
 *  -  Something's wrong with the Interrupts.
 *     (NComm works, TERM does not. TERM switches to a
 *     blind mode after a connect and wait's for the end
 *     of an asynchronous read before switching blind
 *     mode off again. It never gets there on UAE :-< )
 *
 *  -  RTS/CTS handshake, this is not really neccessary,
 *     because you can use RTS/CTS "outside" without
 *     passing it through to the emulated Amiga
 *
 *  -  ADCON-Register ($9e write, $10 read) Bit 11 (UARTBRK)
 *     (see "Amiga Intern", pg 246)
 */

void SERDAT (uae_u16 w)
{
    unsigned char z;

    if (!currprefs.use_serial)
	return;

    z = (unsigned char)(w&0xff);

    if (currprefs.serial_demand && !dtr) {
	if (!isbaeh) {
	    write_log ("SERDAT: Baeh.. Your software needs SERIAL_ALWAYS to work properly.\n");
	    isbaeh=1;
	}
	return;
    } else {
	outbuf[outlast++] = z;
	if (outlast == sizeof outbuf)
	    serial_flush_buffer();
    }

#if SERIALDEBUG > 2
    write_log ("SERDAT: wrote 0x%04x\n", w);
#endif

    serdat|=0x2000; /* Set TBE in the SERDATR ... */
    intreq|=1;      /* ... and in INTREQ register */
    return;
}

uae_u16 SERDATR (void)
{
    if (!currprefs.use_serial)
	return 0;
#if SERIALDEBUG > 2
    write_log ("SERDATR: read 0x%04x\n", serdat);
#endif
    waitqueue = 0;
    return serdat;
}

int SERDATS (void)
{
    unsigned char z;

    if (!serdev)           /* || (serdat&0x4000)) */
	return 0;

    if (waitqueue == 1) {
	intreq |= 0x0800;
	return 1;
    }

    if ((serial_read ((char *)&z)) == 1) {
	waitqueue = 1;
	serdat = 0x4100; /* RBF and STP set! */
	serdat |= ((unsigned int)z) & 0xff;
	intreq |= 0x0800; /* Set RBF flag (Receive Buffer full) */

#if SERIALDEBUG > 1
	write_log ("SERDATS: received 0x%02x --> serdat==0x%04x\n",
		 (unsigned int)z, (unsigned int)serdat);
#endif
	return 1;
    }
    return 0;
}

void serial_dtr_on(void)
{
#if SERIALDEBUG > 0
    write_log ("DTR on.\n");
#endif
    dtr=1;

    if (currprefs.serial_demand)
	serial_open ();
}

void serial_dtr_off(void)
{
#if SERIALDEBUG > 0
    write_log ("DTR off.\n");
#endif
    dtr=0;
    if (currprefs.serial_demand)
	serial_close ();
}

static int serial_read (char *buffer)
{
    if (inptr < inlast) {
	*buffer = inbuf[inptr++];
	return 1;
    }

    if (serdev == 1) {
	inlast = read (sd, inbuf, sizeof inbuf);
	inptr = 0;
	if (inptr < inlast) {
	    *buffer = inbuf[inptr++];
	    return 1;
	}
    }

    return 0;
}

void serial_flush_buffer(void)
{
    if (serdev == 1) {
	if (outlast) {
	    if (sd != 0) {
		write (sd, outbuf, outlast);
	    }
	}
	outlast = 0;
    } else {
      outlast = 0;
      inptr = 0;
      inlast = 0;
    }
}

int serial_readstatus(void)
{
    int status = 0;

#ifdef POSIX_SERIAL
    ioctl (sd, TIOCMGET, &status);

    if (status & TIOCM_CAR) {
	if (!carrier) {
	    ciabpra |= 0x20; /* Push up Carrier Detect line */
	    carrier = 1;
#if SERIALDEBUG > 0
	    write_log ("Carrier detect.\n");
#endif
	}
    } else {
	if (carrier) {
	    ciabpra &= ~0x20;
	    carrier = 0;
#if SERIALDEBUG > 0
	    write_log ("Carrier lost.\n");
#endif
	}
    }

    if (status & TIOCM_DSR) {
	if (!dsr) {
	    ciabpra |= 0x08; /* DSR ON */
	    dsr = 1;
	}
    } else {
	if (dsr) {
	    ciabpra &= ~0x08;
	    dsr = 0;
	}
    }
#endif
    return status;
}

uae_u16 serial_writestatus (int old, int nw)
{
    if ((old & 0x80) == 0x80 && (nw & 0x80) == 0x00)
	serial_dtr_on();
    if ((old & 0x80) == 0x00 && (nw & 0x80) == 0x80)
	serial_dtr_off();

    if ((old & 0x40) != (nw & 0x40))
	write_log ("RTS %s.\n", ((nw & 0x40) == 0x40) ? "set" : "cleared");

    if ((old & 0x10) != (nw & 0x10))
	write_log ("CTS %s.\n", ((nw & 0x10) == 0x10) ? "set" : "cleared");

    return nw; /* This value could also be changed here */
}

void serial_open(void)
{
    if (serdev == 1)
	return;

    if ((sd = open (currprefs.sername, O_RDWR|O_NONBLOCK|O_BINARY, 0)) < 0) {
	write_log ("Error: Could not open Device %s\n", currprefs.sername);
	return;
    }

    serdev = 1;

#ifdef POSIX_SERIAL
    if (tcgetattr (sd, &tios) < 0) {		/* Initialize Serial tty */
	write_log ("Serial: TCGETATTR failed\n");
	return;
    }
    cfmakeraw (&tios);

#ifndef MODEMTEST
    tios.c_cflag &= ~CRTSCTS; /* Disable RTS/CTS */
#else
    tios.c_cflag |= CRTSCTS; /* Enabled for testing modems */
#endif

    if (tcsetattr (sd, TCSADRAIN, &tios) < 0) {
	write_log ("Serial: TCSETATTR failed\n");
	return;
    }
#endif
}

void serial_close (void)
{
    if (sd >= 0)
	close (sd);
    serdev = 0;
}

void serial_init (void)
{
    if (!currprefs.use_serial)
	return;

    if (!currprefs.serial_demand)
	serial_open ();

    serdat = 0x2000;
    return;
}

void serial_exit (void)
{
    serial_close ();	/* serial_close can always be called because it	*/
    dtr = 0;		/* just closes *opened* filehandles which is ok	*/
    return;		/* when exiting.				*/
}