Source to netinet/if_ether.h


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/*
 * Copyright (c) 1982, 1986, 1993
 *	The Regents of the University of California.  All rights reserved.
 *
 * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
 * modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
 * are met:
 * 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
 * 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
 *    documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
 * 3. All advertising materials mentioning features or use of this software
 *    must display the following acknowledgement:
 *	This product includes software developed by the University of
 *	California, Berkeley and its contributors.
 * 4. Neither the name of the University nor the names of its contributors
 *    may be used to endorse or promote products derived from this software
 *    without specific prior written permission.
 *
 * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE REGENTS AND CONTRIBUTORS ``AS IS'' AND
 * ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE
 * IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE
 * ARE DISCLAIMED.  IN NO EVENT SHALL THE REGENTS OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE
 * FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL
 * DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS
 * OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION)
 * HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT
 * LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY
 * OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF
 * SUCH DAMAGE.
 *
 *	@(#)if_ether.h	8.1 (Berkeley) 6/10/93
 */

/*
 * Structure of a 10Mb/s Ethernet header.
 */
struct	ether_header {
	u_char	ether_dhost[6];
	u_char	ether_shost[6];
	u_short	ether_type;
};

#define	ETHERTYPE_PUP		0x0200	/* PUP protocol */
#define	ETHERTYPE_IP		0x0800	/* IP protocol */
#define ETHERTYPE_ARP		0x0806	/* Addr. resolution protocol */
#define ETHERTYPE_REVARP	0x8035	/* reverse Addr. resolution protocol */

/*
 * The ETHERTYPE_NTRAILER packet types starting at ETHERTYPE_TRAIL have
 * (type-ETHERTYPE_TRAIL)*512 bytes of data followed
 * by an ETHER type (as given above) and then the (variable-length) header.
 */
#define	ETHERTYPE_TRAIL		0x1000		/* Trailer packet */
#define	ETHERTYPE_NTRAILER	16

#define	ETHERMTU	1500
#define	ETHERMIN	(60-14)

#ifdef KERNEL
/*
 * Macro to map an IP multicast address to an Ethernet multicast address.
 * The high-order 25 bits of the Ethernet address are statically assigned,
 * and the low-order 23 bits are taken from the low end of the IP address.
 */
#define ETHER_MAP_IP_MULTICAST(ipaddr, enaddr) \
	/* struct in_addr *ipaddr; */ \
	/* u_char enaddr[6];	   */ \
{ \
	(enaddr)[0] = 0x01; \
	(enaddr)[1] = 0x00; \
	(enaddr)[2] = 0x5e; \
	(enaddr)[3] = ((u_char *)ipaddr)[1] & 0x7f; \
	(enaddr)[4] = ((u_char *)ipaddr)[2]; \
	(enaddr)[5] = ((u_char *)ipaddr)[3]; \
}
#endif

/*
 * Ethernet Address Resolution Protocol.
 *
 * See RFC 826 for protocol description.  Structure below is adapted
 * to resolving internet addresses.  Field names used correspond to 
 * RFC 826.
 */
struct	ether_arp {
	struct	arphdr ea_hdr;	/* fixed-size header */
	u_char	arp_sha[6];	/* sender hardware address */
	u_char	arp_spa[4];	/* sender protocol address */
	u_char	arp_tha[6];	/* target hardware address */
	u_char	arp_tpa[4];	/* target protocol address */
};
#define	arp_hrd	ea_hdr.ar_hrd
#define	arp_pro	ea_hdr.ar_pro
#define	arp_hln	ea_hdr.ar_hln
#define	arp_pln	ea_hdr.ar_pln
#define	arp_op	ea_hdr.ar_op


/*
 * Structure shared between the ethernet driver modules and
 * the address resolution code.  For example, each ec_softc or il_softc
 * begins with this structure.
 */
struct	arpcom {
	struct 	ifnet ac_if;		/* network-visible interface */
	u_char	ac_enaddr[6];		/* ethernet hardware address */
	struct	in_addr ac_ipaddr;	/* copy of ip address- XXX */
	struct	ether_multi *ac_multiaddrs; /* list of ether multicast addrs */
	int	ac_multicnt;		/* length of ac_multiaddrs list */	
};

struct llinfo_arp {				
	struct	llinfo_arp *la_next;
	struct	llinfo_arp *la_prev;
	struct	rtentry *la_rt;
	struct	mbuf *la_hold;		/* last packet until resolved/timeout */
	long	la_asked;		/* last time we QUERIED for this addr */
#define la_timer la_rt->rt_rmx.rmx_expire /* deletion time in seconds */
};

struct sockaddr_inarp {
	u_char	sin_len;
	u_char	sin_family;
	u_short sin_port;
	struct	in_addr sin_addr;
	struct	in_addr sin_srcaddr;
	u_short	sin_tos;
	u_short	sin_other;
#define SIN_PROXY 1
};
/*
 * IP and ethernet specific routing flags
 */
#define	RTF_USETRAILERS	RTF_PROTO1	/* use trailers */
#define RTF_ANNOUNCE	RTF_PROTO2	/* announce new arp entry */

#ifdef	KERNEL
u_char	etherbroadcastaddr[6];
u_char	ether_ipmulticast_min[6];
u_char	ether_ipmulticast_max[6];
struct	ifqueue arpintrq;

struct	llinfo_arp *arptnew __P((struct in_addr *));
struct	llinfo_arp llinfo_arp;		/* head of the llinfo queue */

void	arpwhohas __P((struct arpcom *, struct in_addr *));
void	arpintr __P((void));
int	arpresolve __P((struct arpcom *,
	   struct rtentry *, struct mbuf *, struct sockaddr *, u_char *));
void	arp_rtrequest __P((int, struct rtentry *, struct sockaddr *));
void	arpwhohas __P((struct arpcom *, struct in_addr *));

int	ether_addmulti __P((struct ifreq *, struct arpcom *));
int	ether_delmulti __P((struct ifreq *, struct arpcom *));

/*
 * Ethernet multicast address structure.  There is one of these for each
 * multicast address or range of multicast addresses that we are supposed
 * to listen to on a particular interface.  They are kept in a linked list,
 * rooted in the interface's arpcom structure.  (This really has nothing to
 * do with ARP, or with the Internet address family, but this appears to be
 * the minimally-disrupting place to put it.)
 */
struct ether_multi {
	u_char	enm_addrlo[6];		/* low  or only address of range */
	u_char	enm_addrhi[6];		/* high or only address of range */
	struct	arpcom *enm_ac;		/* back pointer to arpcom */
	u_int	enm_refcount;		/* no. claims to this addr/range */
	struct	ether_multi *enm_next;	/* ptr to next ether_multi */
};

/*
 * Structure used by macros below to remember position when stepping through
 * all of the ether_multi records.
 */
struct ether_multistep {
	struct ether_multi  *e_enm;
};

/*
 * Macro for looking up the ether_multi record for a given range of Ethernet
 * multicast addresses connected to a given arpcom structure.  If no matching
 * record is found, "enm" returns NULL.
 */
#define ETHER_LOOKUP_MULTI(addrlo, addrhi, ac, enm) \
	/* u_char addrlo[6]; */ \
	/* u_char addrhi[6]; */ \
	/* struct arpcom *ac; */ \
	/* struct ether_multi *enm; */ \
{ \
	for ((enm) = (ac)->ac_multiaddrs; \
	    (enm) != NULL && \
	    (bcmp((enm)->enm_addrlo, (addrlo), 6) != 0 || \
	     bcmp((enm)->enm_addrhi, (addrhi), 6) != 0); \
		(enm) = (enm)->enm_next); \
}

/*
 * Macro to step through all of the ether_multi records, one at a time.
 * The current position is remembered in "step", which the caller must
 * provide.  ETHER_FIRST_MULTI(), below, must be called to initialize "step"
 * and get the first record.  Both macros return a NULL "enm" when there
 * are no remaining records.
 */
#define ETHER_NEXT_MULTI(step, enm) \
	/* struct ether_multistep step; */  \
	/* struct ether_multi *enm; */  \
{ \
	if (((enm) = (step).e_enm) != NULL) \
		(step).e_enm = (enm)->enm_next; \
}

#define ETHER_FIRST_MULTI(step, ac, enm) \
	/* struct ether_multistep step; */ \
	/* struct arpcom *ac; */ \
	/* struct ether_multi *enm; */ \
{ \
	(step).e_enm = (ac)->ac_multiaddrs; \
	ETHER_NEXT_MULTI((step), (enm)); \
}

#endif