Source to netinet/ip_icmp.c


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/*
 * Copyright (c) 1982, 1986, 1988, 1993
 *	The Regents of the University of California.  All rights reserved.
 *
 * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
 * modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
 * are met:
 * 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
 * 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
 *    documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
 * 3. All advertising materials mentioning features or use of this software
 *    must display the following acknowledgement:
 *	This product includes software developed by the University of
 *	California, Berkeley and its contributors.
 * 4. Neither the name of the University nor the names of its contributors
 *    may be used to endorse or promote products derived from this software
 *    without specific prior written permission.
 *
 * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE REGENTS AND CONTRIBUTORS ``AS IS'' AND
 * ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE
 * IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE
 * ARE DISCLAIMED.  IN NO EVENT SHALL THE REGENTS OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE
 * FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL
 * DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS
 * OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION)
 * HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT
 * LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY
 * OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF
 * SUCH DAMAGE.
 *
 *	@(#)ip_icmp.c	8.1 (Berkeley) 6/10/93
 */

#include <sys/param.h>
#include <sys/systm.h>
#include <sys/malloc.h>
#include <sys/mbuf.h>
#include <sys/protosw.h>
#include <sys/socket.h>
#include <sys/time.h>
#include <sys/kernel.h>

#include <net/if.h>
#include <net/route.h>

#include <netinet/in.h>
#include <netinet/in_systm.h>
#include <netinet/in_var.h>
#include <netinet/ip.h>
#include <netinet/ip_icmp.h>
#include <netinet/icmp_var.h>

/*
 * ICMP routines: error generation, receive packet processing, and
 * routines to turnaround packets back to the originator, and
 * host table maintenance routines.
 */

int	icmpmaskrepl = 0;
#ifdef ICMPPRINTFS
int	icmpprintfs = 0;
#endif

extern	struct protosw inetsw[];

/*
 * Generate an error packet of type error
 * in response to bad packet ip.
 */
void
icmp_error(n, type, code, dest, destifp)
	struct mbuf *n;
	int type, code;
	n_long dest;
	struct ifnet *destifp;
{
	register struct ip *oip = mtod(n, struct ip *), *nip;
	register unsigned oiplen = oip->ip_hl << 2;
	register struct icmp *icp;
	register struct mbuf *m;
	unsigned icmplen;

#ifdef ICMPPRINTFS
	if (icmpprintfs)
		printf("icmp_error(%x, %d, %d)\n", oip, type, code);
#endif
	if (type != ICMP_REDIRECT)
		icmpstat.icps_error++;
	/*
	 * Don't send error if not the first fragment of message.
	 * Don't error if the old packet protocol was ICMP
	 * error message, only known informational types.
	 */
	if (oip->ip_off &~ (IP_MF|IP_DF))
		goto freeit;
	if (oip->ip_p == IPPROTO_ICMP && type != ICMP_REDIRECT &&
	  n->m_len >= oiplen + ICMP_MINLEN &&
	  !ICMP_INFOTYPE(((struct icmp *)((caddr_t)oip + oiplen))->icmp_type)) {
		icmpstat.icps_oldicmp++;
		goto freeit;
	}
	/* Don't send error in response to a multicast or broadcast packet */
	if (n->m_flags & (M_BCAST|M_MCAST))
		goto freeit;
	/*
	 * First, formulate icmp message
	 */
	m = m_gethdr(M_DONTWAIT, MT_HEADER);
	if (m == NULL)
		goto freeit;
	icmplen = oiplen + min(8, oip->ip_len);
	m->m_len = icmplen + ICMP_MINLEN;
	MH_ALIGN(m, m->m_len);
	icp = mtod(m, struct icmp *);
	if ((u_int)type > ICMP_MAXTYPE)
		panic("icmp_error");
	icmpstat.icps_outhist[type]++;
	icp->icmp_type = type;
	if (type == ICMP_REDIRECT)
		icp->icmp_gwaddr.s_addr = dest;
	else {
		icp->icmp_void = 0;
		/* 
		 * The following assignments assume an overlay with the
		 * zeroed icmp_void field.
		 */
		if (type == ICMP_PARAMPROB) {
			icp->icmp_pptr = code;
			code = 0;
		} else if (type == ICMP_UNREACH &&
			code == ICMP_UNREACH_NEEDFRAG && destifp) {
			icp->icmp_nextmtu = htons(destifp->if_mtu);
		}
	}

	icp->icmp_code = code;
	bcopy((caddr_t)oip, (caddr_t)&icp->icmp_ip, icmplen);
	nip = &icp->icmp_ip;
	nip->ip_len = htons((u_short)(nip->ip_len + oiplen));

	/*
	 * Now, copy old ip header (without options)
	 * in front of icmp message.
	 */
	if (m->m_data - sizeof(struct ip) < m->m_pktdat)
		panic("icmp len");
	m->m_data -= sizeof(struct ip);
	m->m_len += sizeof(struct ip);
	m->m_pkthdr.len = m->m_len;
	m->m_pkthdr.rcvif = n->m_pkthdr.rcvif;
	nip = mtod(m, struct ip *);
	bcopy((caddr_t)oip, (caddr_t)nip, sizeof(struct ip));
	nip->ip_len = m->m_len;
	nip->ip_hl = sizeof(struct ip) >> 2;
	nip->ip_p = IPPROTO_ICMP;
	nip->ip_tos = 0;
	icmp_reflect(m);

freeit:
	m_freem(n);
}

static struct sockproto icmproto = { AF_INET, IPPROTO_ICMP };
static struct sockaddr_in icmpsrc = { sizeof (struct sockaddr_in), AF_INET };
static struct sockaddr_in icmpdst = { sizeof (struct sockaddr_in), AF_INET };
static struct sockaddr_in icmpgw = { sizeof (struct sockaddr_in), AF_INET };
struct sockaddr_in icmpmask = { 8, 0 };

/*
 * Process a received ICMP message.
 */
void
icmp_input(m, hlen)
	register struct mbuf *m;
	int hlen;
{
	register struct icmp *icp;
	register struct ip *ip = mtod(m, struct ip *);
	int icmplen = ip->ip_len;
	register int i;
	struct in_ifaddr *ia;
	void (*ctlfunc) __P((int, struct sockaddr *, struct ip *));
	int code;
	extern u_char ip_protox[];

	/*
	 * Locate icmp structure in mbuf, and check
	 * that not corrupted and of at least minimum length.
	 */
#ifdef ICMPPRINTFS
	if (icmpprintfs)
		printf("icmp_input from %x to %x, len %d\n",
			ntohl(ip->ip_src.s_addr), ntohl(ip->ip_dst.s_addr),
			icmplen);
#endif
	if (icmplen < ICMP_MINLEN) {
		icmpstat.icps_tooshort++;
		goto freeit;
	}
	i = hlen + min(icmplen, ICMP_ADVLENMIN);
	if (m->m_len < i && (m = m_pullup(m, i)) == 0)  {
		icmpstat.icps_tooshort++;
		return;
	}
	ip = mtod(m, struct ip *);
	m->m_len -= hlen;
	m->m_data += hlen;
	icp = mtod(m, struct icmp *);
	if (in_cksum(m, icmplen)) {
		icmpstat.icps_checksum++;
		goto freeit;
	}
	m->m_len += hlen;
	m->m_data -= hlen;

#ifdef ICMPPRINTFS
	/*
	 * Message type specific processing.
	 */
	if (icmpprintfs)
		printf("icmp_input, type %d code %d\n", icp->icmp_type,
		    icp->icmp_code);
#endif
	if (icp->icmp_type > ICMP_MAXTYPE)
		goto raw;
	icmpstat.icps_inhist[icp->icmp_type]++;
	code = icp->icmp_code;
	switch (icp->icmp_type) {

	case ICMP_UNREACH:
		switch (code) {
			case ICMP_UNREACH_NET:
			case ICMP_UNREACH_HOST:
			case ICMP_UNREACH_PROTOCOL:
			case ICMP_UNREACH_PORT:
			case ICMP_UNREACH_SRCFAIL:
				code += PRC_UNREACH_NET;
				break;

			case ICMP_UNREACH_NEEDFRAG:
				code = PRC_MSGSIZE;
				break;
				
			case ICMP_UNREACH_NET_UNKNOWN:
			case ICMP_UNREACH_NET_PROHIB:
			case ICMP_UNREACH_TOSNET:
				code = PRC_UNREACH_NET;
				break;

			case ICMP_UNREACH_HOST_UNKNOWN:
			case ICMP_UNREACH_ISOLATED:
			case ICMP_UNREACH_HOST_PROHIB:
			case ICMP_UNREACH_TOSHOST:
				code = PRC_UNREACH_HOST;
				break;

			default:
				goto badcode;
		}
		goto deliver;

	case ICMP_TIMXCEED:
		if (code > 1)
			goto badcode;
		code += PRC_TIMXCEED_INTRANS;
		goto deliver;

	case ICMP_PARAMPROB:
		if (code > 1)
			goto badcode;
		code = PRC_PARAMPROB;
		goto deliver;

	case ICMP_SOURCEQUENCH:
		if (code)
			goto badcode;
		code = PRC_QUENCH;
	deliver:
		/*
		 * Problem with datagram; advise higher level routines.
		 */
		if (icmplen < ICMP_ADVLENMIN || icmplen < ICMP_ADVLEN(icp) ||
		    icp->icmp_ip.ip_hl < (sizeof(struct ip) >> 2)) {
			icmpstat.icps_badlen++;
			goto freeit;
		}
		NTOHS(icp->icmp_ip.ip_len);
#ifdef ICMPPRINTFS
		if (icmpprintfs)
			printf("deliver to protocol %d\n", icp->icmp_ip.ip_p);
#endif
		icmpsrc.sin_addr = icp->icmp_ip.ip_dst;
		if (ctlfunc = inetsw[ip_protox[icp->icmp_ip.ip_p]].pr_ctlinput)
			(*ctlfunc)(code, (struct sockaddr *)&icmpsrc,
			    &icp->icmp_ip);
		break;

	badcode:
		icmpstat.icps_badcode++;
		break;

	case ICMP_ECHO:
		icp->icmp_type = ICMP_ECHOREPLY;
		goto reflect;

	case ICMP_TSTAMP:
		if (icmplen < ICMP_TSLEN) {
			icmpstat.icps_badlen++;
			break;
		}
		icp->icmp_type = ICMP_TSTAMPREPLY;
		icp->icmp_rtime = iptime();
		icp->icmp_ttime = icp->icmp_rtime;	/* bogus, do later! */
		goto reflect;
		
	case ICMP_MASKREQ:
#define	satosin(sa)	((struct sockaddr_in *)(sa))
		if (icmpmaskrepl == 0)
			break;
		/*
		 * We are not able to respond with all ones broadcast
		 * unless we receive it over a point-to-point interface.
		 */
		if (icmplen < ICMP_MASKLEN)
			break;
		switch (ip->ip_dst.s_addr) {

		case INADDR_BROADCAST:
		case INADDR_ANY:
			icmpdst.sin_addr = ip->ip_src;
			break;

		default:
			icmpdst.sin_addr = ip->ip_dst;
		}
		ia = (struct in_ifaddr *)ifaof_ifpforaddr(
			    (struct sockaddr *)&icmpdst, m->m_pkthdr.rcvif);
		if (ia == 0)
			break;
		icp->icmp_type = ICMP_MASKREPLY;
		icp->icmp_mask = ia->ia_sockmask.sin_addr.s_addr;
		if (ip->ip_src.s_addr == 0) {
			if (ia->ia_ifp->if_flags & IFF_BROADCAST)
			    ip->ip_src = satosin(&ia->ia_broadaddr)->sin_addr;
			else if (ia->ia_ifp->if_flags & IFF_POINTOPOINT)
			    ip->ip_src = satosin(&ia->ia_dstaddr)->sin_addr;
		}
reflect:
		ip->ip_len += hlen;	/* since ip_input deducts this */
		icmpstat.icps_reflect++;
		icmpstat.icps_outhist[icp->icmp_type]++;
		icmp_reflect(m);
		return;

	case ICMP_REDIRECT:
		if (code > 3)
			goto badcode;
		if (icmplen < ICMP_ADVLENMIN || icmplen < ICMP_ADVLEN(icp) ||
		    icp->icmp_ip.ip_hl < (sizeof(struct ip) >> 2)) {
			icmpstat.icps_badlen++;
			break;
		}
		/*
		 * Short circuit routing redirects to force
		 * immediate change in the kernel's routing
		 * tables.  The message is also handed to anyone
		 * listening on a raw socket (e.g. the routing
		 * daemon for use in updating its tables).
		 */
		icmpgw.sin_addr = ip->ip_src;
		icmpdst.sin_addr = icp->icmp_gwaddr;
#ifdef	ICMPPRINTFS
		if (icmpprintfs)
			printf("redirect dst %x to %x\n", icp->icmp_ip.ip_dst,
				icp->icmp_gwaddr);
#endif
		icmpsrc.sin_addr = icp->icmp_ip.ip_dst;
		rtredirect((struct sockaddr *)&icmpsrc,
		  (struct sockaddr *)&icmpdst,
		  (struct sockaddr *)0, RTF_GATEWAY | RTF_HOST,
		  (struct sockaddr *)&icmpgw, (struct rtentry **)0);
		pfctlinput(PRC_REDIRECT_HOST, (struct sockaddr *)&icmpsrc);
		break;

	/*
	 * No kernel processing for the following;
	 * just fall through to send to raw listener.
	 */
	case ICMP_ECHOREPLY:
	case ICMP_ROUTERADVERT:
	case ICMP_ROUTERSOLICIT:
	case ICMP_TSTAMPREPLY:
	case ICMP_IREQREPLY:
	case ICMP_MASKREPLY:
	default:
		break;
	}

raw:
	rip_input(m);
	return;

freeit:
	m_freem(m);
}

/*
 * Reflect the ip packet back to the source
 */
void
icmp_reflect(m)
	struct mbuf *m;
{
	register struct ip *ip = mtod(m, struct ip *);
	register struct in_ifaddr *ia;
	struct in_addr t;
	struct mbuf *opts = 0, *ip_srcroute();
	int optlen = (ip->ip_hl << 2) - sizeof(struct ip);

	if (!in_canforward(ip->ip_src) &&
	    ((ntohl(ip->ip_src.s_addr) & IN_CLASSA_NET) !=
	     (IN_LOOPBACKNET << IN_CLASSA_NSHIFT))) {
		m_freem(m);	/* Bad return address */
		goto done;	/* Ip_output() will check for broadcast */
	}
	t = ip->ip_dst;
	ip->ip_dst = ip->ip_src;
	/*
	 * If the incoming packet was addressed directly to us,
	 * use dst as the src for the reply.  Otherwise (broadcast
	 * or anonymous), use the address which corresponds
	 * to the incoming interface.
	 */
	for (ia = in_ifaddr; ia; ia = ia->ia_next) {
		if (t.s_addr == IA_SIN(ia)->sin_addr.s_addr)
			break;
		if ((ia->ia_ifp->if_flags & IFF_BROADCAST) &&
		    t.s_addr == satosin(&ia->ia_broadaddr)->sin_addr.s_addr)
			break;
	}
	icmpdst.sin_addr = t;
	if (ia == (struct in_ifaddr *)0)
		ia = (struct in_ifaddr *)ifaof_ifpforaddr(
			(struct sockaddr *)&icmpdst, m->m_pkthdr.rcvif);
	/*
	 * The following happens if the packet was not addressed to us,
	 * and was received on an interface with no IP address.
	 */
	if (ia == (struct in_ifaddr *)0)
		ia = in_ifaddr;
	t = IA_SIN(ia)->sin_addr;
	ip->ip_src = t;
	ip->ip_ttl = MAXTTL;

	if (optlen > 0) {
		register u_char *cp;
		int opt, cnt;
		u_int len;

		/*
		 * Retrieve any source routing from the incoming packet;
		 * add on any record-route or timestamp options.
		 */
		cp = (u_char *) (ip + 1);
		if ((opts = ip_srcroute()) == 0 &&
		    (opts = m_gethdr(M_DONTWAIT, MT_HEADER))) {
			opts->m_len = sizeof(struct in_addr);
			mtod(opts, struct in_addr *)->s_addr = 0;
		}
		if (opts) {
#ifdef ICMPPRINTFS
		    if (icmpprintfs)
			    printf("icmp_reflect optlen %d rt %d => ",
				optlen, opts->m_len);
#endif
		    for (cnt = optlen; cnt > 0; cnt -= len, cp += len) {
			    opt = cp[IPOPT_OPTVAL];
			    if (opt == IPOPT_EOL)
				    break;
			    if (opt == IPOPT_NOP)
				    len = 1;
			    else {
				    len = cp[IPOPT_OLEN];
				    if (len <= 0 || len > cnt)
					    break;
			    }
			    /*
			     * Should check for overflow, but it "can't happen"
			     */
			    if (opt == IPOPT_RR || opt == IPOPT_TS || 
				opt == IPOPT_SECURITY) {
				    bcopy((caddr_t)cp,
					mtod(opts, caddr_t) + opts->m_len, len);
				    opts->m_len += len;
			    }
		    }
		    /* Terminate & pad, if necessary */
		    if (cnt = opts->m_len % 4) {
			    for (; cnt < 4; cnt++) {
				    *(mtod(opts, caddr_t) + opts->m_len) =
					IPOPT_EOL;
				    opts->m_len++;
			    }
		    }
#ifdef ICMPPRINTFS
		    if (icmpprintfs)
			    printf("%d\n", opts->m_len);
#endif
		}
		/*
		 * Now strip out original options by copying rest of first
		 * mbuf's data back, and adjust the IP length.
		 */
		ip->ip_len -= optlen;
		ip->ip_hl = sizeof(struct ip) >> 2;
		m->m_len -= optlen;
		if (m->m_flags & M_PKTHDR)
			m->m_pkthdr.len -= optlen;
		optlen += sizeof(struct ip);
		bcopy((caddr_t)ip + optlen, (caddr_t)(ip + 1),
			 (unsigned)(m->m_len - sizeof(struct ip)));
	}
	m->m_flags &= ~(M_BCAST|M_MCAST);
	icmp_send(m, opts);
done:
	if (opts)
		(void)m_free(opts);
}

/*
 * Send an icmp packet back to the ip level,
 * after supplying a checksum.
 */
void
icmp_send(m, opts)
	register struct mbuf *m;
	struct mbuf *opts;
{
	register struct ip *ip = mtod(m, struct ip *);
	register int hlen;
	register struct icmp *icp;

	hlen = ip->ip_hl << 2;
	m->m_data += hlen;
	m->m_len -= hlen;
	icp = mtod(m, struct icmp *);
	icp->icmp_cksum = 0;
	icp->icmp_cksum = in_cksum(m, ip->ip_len - hlen);
	m->m_data -= hlen;
	m->m_len += hlen;
#ifdef ICMPPRINTFS
	if (icmpprintfs)
		printf("icmp_send dst %x src %x\n", ip->ip_dst, ip->ip_src);
#endif
	(void) ip_output(m, opts, NULL, 0, NULL);
}

n_time
iptime()
{
	struct timeval atv;
	u_long t;

	microtime(&atv);
	t = (atv.tv_sec % (24*60*60)) * 1000 + atv.tv_usec / 1000;
	return (htonl(t));
}

int
icmp_sysctl(name, namelen, oldp, oldlenp, newp, newlen)
	int *name;
	u_int namelen;
	void *oldp;
	size_t *oldlenp;
	void *newp;
	size_t newlen;
{
	extern int ip_ttl;

	/* all sysctl names at this level are terminal */
	if (namelen != 1)
		return (ENOTDIR);

	switch (name[0]) {
	case ICMPCTL_MASKREPL:
		return (sysctl_int(oldp, oldlenp, newp, newlen, &icmpmaskrepl));
	default:
		return (ENOPROTOOPT);
	}
	/* NOTREACHED */
}