File:  [GNU Debugger] / gdb / source.c
Revision 1.1.1.5 (vendor branch): download - view: text, annotated - select for diffs
Tue Apr 24 17:57:26 2018 UTC (3 years, 7 months ago) by root
Branches: fsf, MAIN
CVS tags: gdb_2_8_1, HEAD
gdb-2.8.1

/* List lines of source files for GDB, the GNU debugger.
   Copyright (C) 1986, 1987, 1988 Free Software Foundation, Inc.

GDB is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY
WARRANTY.  No author or distributor accepts responsibility to anyone
for the consequences of using it or for whether it serves any
particular purpose or works at all, unless he says so in writing.
Refer to the GDB General Public License for full details.

Everyone is granted permission to copy, modify and redistribute GDB,
but only under the conditions described in the GDB General Public
License.  A copy of this license is supposed to have been given to you
along with GDB so you can know your rights and responsibilities.  It
should be in a file named COPYING.  Among other things, the copyright
notice and this notice must be preserved on all copies.

In other words, go ahead and share GDB, but don't try to stop
anyone else from sharing it farther.  Help stamp out software hoarding!
*/

#include <stdio.h>
#include <sys/param.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>
#include <sys/file.h>
#include "defs.h"
#include "initialize.h"
#include "symtab.h"

/* Path of directories to search for source files.
   Same format as the PATH environment variable's value.  */

static char *source_path;

/* Symtab of default file for listing lines of.  */

struct symtab *current_source_symtab;

/* Default next line to list.  */

int current_source_line;

/* Line number of last line printed.  Default for various commands.
   current_source_line is usually, but not always, the same as this.  */

static int last_line_listed;

/* First line number listed by last listing command.  */

static int first_line_listed;

START_FILE

/* Set the source file default for the "list" command,
   specifying a symtab.  */

void
select_source_symtab (s)
     register struct symtab *s;
{
  if (s)
    {
      struct symtabs_and_lines sals;
      struct symtab_and_line sal;

      /* Make the default place to list be the function `main'
	 if one exists.  */
      if (lookup_symbol ("main", 0, VAR_NAMESPACE))
	{
	  sals = decode_line_spec ("main", 1);
	  sal = sals.sals[0];
	  free (sals.sals);
	  current_source_symtab = sal.symtab;
	  current_source_line = sal.line - 9;
	  return;
	}

      /* If there is no `main', use the last symtab in the list,
	 which is actually the first found in the file's symbol table.
	 But ignore .h files.  */
      do
	{
	  char *name = s->filename;
	  int len = strlen (name);
	  if (! (len > 2 && !strcmp (&name[len - 2], ".h")))
	    current_source_symtab = s;
	  s = s->next;
	}
      while (s);
      current_source_line = 1;
    }
}

static void
directories_info ()
{
  printf ("Source directories searched: %s\n", source_path);
}

void
init_source_path ()
{
  register struct symtab *s;

  source_path = savestring (current_directory, strlen (current_directory));

  /* Forget what we learned about line positions in source files;
     must check again now since files may be found in
     a different directory now.  */
  for (s = symtab_list; s; s = s->next)
    if (s->line_charpos != 0)
      {
	free (s->line_charpos);
	s->line_charpos = 0;
      }
}

void
directory_command (dirname, from_tty)
     char *dirname;
     int from_tty;
{
  char *old = source_path;

  if (dirname == 0)
    {
      if (query ("Reinitialize source path to %s? ", current_directory))
	{
	  init_source_path ();
	  free (old);
	}
    }
  else
    {
      struct stat st;
      register int len = strlen (dirname);
      register char *tem;
      extern char *index ();

      if (index (dirname, ':'))
	error ("Please add one directory at a time to the source path.");
      if (dirname[len - 1] == '/')
	  /* Sigh. "foo/" => "foo" */
	  dirname[--len] == '\0';

      while (dirname[len - 1] == '.')
	{
	  if (len == 1)
	    {
	      /* "." => getwd () */
	      dirname = current_directory;
	      goto append;
	    }
	  else if (dirname[len - 2] == '/')
	    {
	      if (len == 2)
		{
		  /* "/." => "/" */
		  dirname[--len] = '\0';
		  goto append;
		}
	      else
		{
		  /* "...foo/." => "...foo" */
		  dirname[len -= 2] = '\0';
		  continue;
		}
	    }
	  break;
	}

      if (dirname[0] != '/')
	dirname = concat (current_directory, "/", dirname);
      else
	dirname = savestring (dirname, len);
      make_cleanup (free, dirname);

      if (stat (dirname, &st) < 0)
	perror_with_name (dirname);
      if ((st.st_mode & S_IFMT) != S_IFDIR)
	error ("%s is not a directory.", dirname);

    append:
      len = strlen (dirname);
      tem = source_path;
      while (1)
	{
	  if (!strncmp (tem, dirname, len)
	      && (tem[len] == '\0' || tem[len] == ':'))
	    {
	      printf ("\"%s\" is already in the source path.\n",
		      dirname);
	      break;
	    }
	  tem = index (tem, ':');
	  if (tem)
	    tem++;
	  else
	    {
	      source_path = concat (old, ":", dirname);
	      free (old);
	      break;
	    }
	}
      if (from_tty)
	directories_info ();
    }
}

/* Open a file named STRING, searching path PATH (dir names sep by colons)
   using mode MODE and protection bits PROT in the calls to open.
   If TRY_CWD_FIRST, try to open ./STRING before searching PATH.
   (ie pretend the first element of PATH is ".")
   If FILENAMED_OPENED is non-null, set it to a newly allocated string naming
   the actual file opened (this string will always start with a "/"

   If a file is found, return the descriptor.
   Otherwise, return -1, with errno set for the last name we tried to open.  */

/*  >>>> This should only allow files of certain types,
    >>>>  eg executable, non-directory */
int
openp (path, try_cwd_first, string, mode, prot, filename_opened)
     char *path;
     int try_cwd_first;
     char *string;
     int mode;
     int prot;
     char **filename_opened;
{
  register int fd;
  register char *filename;
  register char *p, *p1;
  register int len;

  /* ./foo => foo */
  while (string[0] == '.' && string[1] == '/')
    string += 2;

  if (try_cwd_first || string[0] == '/')
    {
      filename = string;
      fd = open (filename, mode, prot);
      if (fd >= 0 || string[0] == '/')
	goto done;
    }

  filename = (char *) alloca (strlen (path) + strlen (string) + 2);
  fd = -1;
  for (p = path; p; p = p1 ? p1 + 1 : 0)
    {
      p1 = (char *) index (p, ':');
      if (p1)
	len = p1 - p;
      else
	len = strlen (p);

      strncpy (filename, p, len);
      filename[len] = 0;
      strcat (filename, "/");
      strcat (filename, string);

      fd = open (filename, mode, prot);
      if (fd >= 0) break;
    }

 done:
  if (filename_opened)
    if (fd < 0)
      *filename_opened = (char *) 0;
    else if (filename[0] == '/')
      *filename_opened = savestring (filename, strlen (filename));
    else
      {
	*filename_opened = concat (current_directory, "/", filename);
      }

  return fd;
}

/* Create and initialize the table S->line_charpos that records
   the positions of the lines in the source file, which is assumed
   to be open on descriptor DESC.
   All set S->nlines to the number of such lines.  */

static void
find_source_lines (s, desc)
     struct symtab *s;
     int desc;
{
  struct stat st;
  register char *data, *p, *end;
  int nlines = 0;
  int lines_allocated = 1000;
  int *line_charpos = (int *) xmalloc (lines_allocated * sizeof (int));
  extern int exec_mtime;

  fstat (desc, &st);
  if (get_exec_file (0) != 0 && exec_mtime < st.st_mtime)
    printf ("Source file is more recent than executable.\n");

  data = (char *) alloca (st.st_size);
  myread (desc, data, st.st_size);
  end = data + st.st_size;
  p = data;
  line_charpos[0] = 0;
  nlines = 1;
  while (p != end)
    {
      if (*p++ == '\n'
	  /* A newline at the end does not start a new line.  */
	  && p != end)
	{
	  if (nlines == lines_allocated)
	    {
	      lines_allocated *= 2;
	      line_charpos = (int *) xrealloc (line_charpos,
					       sizeof (int) * lines_allocated);
	    }
	  line_charpos[nlines++] = p - data;
	}
    }
  s->nlines = nlines;
  s->line_charpos = (int *) xrealloc (line_charpos, nlines * sizeof (int));
}

/* Return the character position of a line LINE in symtab S.
   Return 0 if anything is invalid.  */

int
source_line_charpos (s, line)
     struct symtab *s;
     int line;
{
  if (!s) return 0;
  if (!s->line_charpos || line <= 0) return 0;
  if (line > s->nlines)
    line = s->nlines;
  return s->line_charpos[line - 1];
}

/* Return the line number of character position POS in symtab S.  */

int
source_charpos_line (s, chr)
    register struct symtab *s;
    register int chr;
{
  register int line = 0;
  register int *lnp;
    
  if (s == 0 || s->line_charpos == 0) return 0;
  lnp = s->line_charpos;
  /* Files are usually short, so sequential search is Ok */
  while (line < s->nlines  && *lnp <= chr)
    {
      line++;
      lnp++;
    }
  if (line >= s->nlines)
    line = s->nlines;
  return line;
}

/* Get full pathname and line number positions for a symtab.
   Return nonzero if line numbers may have changed.
   Set *FULLNAME to actual name of the file as found by `openp',
   or to 0 if the file is not found.  */

int
get_filename_and_charpos (s, line, fullname)
     struct symtab *s;
     int line;
     char **fullname;
{
  register int desc, linenums_changed = 0;
  
  desc = openp (source_path, 0, s->filename, O_RDONLY, 0, &s->fullname);
  if (desc < 0)
    {
      if (fullname)
	*fullname = NULL;
      return 0;
    }  
  if (fullname)
    *fullname = s->fullname;
  if (s->line_charpos == 0) linenums_changed = 1;
  if (linenums_changed) find_source_lines (s, desc);
  close (desc);
  return linenums_changed;
}

/* Print text describing the full name of the source file S
   and the line number LINE and its corresponding character position.
   The text starts with two Ctrl-z so that the Emacs-GDB interface
   can easily find it.

   MID_STATEMENT is nonzero if the PC is not at the beginning of that line.

   Return 1 if successful, 0 if could not find the file.  */

int
identify_source_line (s, line, mid_statement)
     struct symtab *s;
     int line;
     int mid_statement;
{
  if (s->line_charpos == 0)
    get_filename_and_charpos (s, line, 0);
  if (s->fullname == 0)
    return 0;
  printf ("\032\032%s:%d:%d:%s\n", s->fullname,
	  line, s->line_charpos[line - 1],
	  mid_statement ? "middle" : "beg");
  current_source_line = line;
  first_line_listed = line;
  last_line_listed = line;
  current_source_symtab = s;
  return 1;
}

/* Print source lines from the file of symtab S,
   starting with line number LINE and stopping before line number STOPLINE.  */

void
print_source_lines (s, line, stopline, noerror)
     struct symtab *s;
     int line, stopline;
     int noerror;
{
  register int c;
  register int desc;
  register FILE *stream;
  int nlines = stopline - line;

  desc = openp (source_path, 0, s->filename, O_RDONLY, 0, &s->fullname);
  if (desc < 0)
    {
      extern int errno;
      if (! noerror)
	perror_with_name (s->filename);
      print_sys_errmsg (s->filename, errno);
      return;
    }

  if (s->line_charpos == 0)
    find_source_lines (s, desc);

  if (line < 1 || line > s->nlines)
    {
      close (desc);
      error ("Line number out of range; %s has %d lines.",
	     s->filename, s->nlines);
    }

  if (lseek (desc, s->line_charpos[line - 1], 0) < 0)
    {
      close (desc);
      perror_with_name (s->filename);
    }

  current_source_symtab = s;
  current_source_line = line;
  first_line_listed = line;
  
  stream = fdopen (desc, "r");
  clearerr (stream);

  while (nlines-- > 0)
    {
      c = fgetc (stream);
      if (c == EOF) break;
      last_line_listed = current_source_line;
      printf ("%d\t", current_source_line++);
      do
	{
	  if (c < 040 && c != '\t' && c != '\n')
	    {
	      fputc ('^', stdout);
	      fputc (c + 0100, stdout);
	    }
	  else if (c == 0177)
	    printf ("^?");
	  else
	    fputc (c, stdout);
	} while (c != '\n' && (c = fgetc (stream)) >= 0);
    }

  fclose (stream);
}

static void
list_command (arg, from_tty)
     char *arg;
     int from_tty;
{
  struct symtabs_and_lines sals, sals_end;
  struct symtab_and_line sal, sal_end;
  struct symbol *sym;
  char *arg1;
  int no_end = 1;
  int dummy_end = 0;
  int dummy_beg = 0;
  int linenum_beg = 0;
  char *p;

  if (symtab_list == 0)
    error ("Listing source lines requires symbols.");

  /* "l" or "l +" lists next ten lines.  */

  if (arg == 0 || !strcmp (arg, "+"))
    {
      if (current_source_symtab == 0)
	error ("No default source file yet.  Do \"help list\".");
      print_source_lines (current_source_symtab, current_source_line,
			  current_source_line + 10, 0);
      return;
    }

  /* "l -" lists previous ten lines, the ones before the ten just listed.  */
  if (!strcmp (arg, "-"))
    {
      if (current_source_symtab == 0)
	error ("No default source file yet.  Do \"help list\".");
      print_source_lines (current_source_symtab,
			  max (first_line_listed - 10, 1),
			  first_line_listed, 0);
      return;
    }

  /* Now if there is only one argument, decode it in SAL
     and set NO_END.
     If there are two arguments, decode them in SAL and SAL_END
     and clear NO_END; however, if one of the arguments is blank,
     set DUMMY_BEG or DUMMY_END to record that fact.  */

  arg1 = arg;
  if (*arg1 == ',')
    dummy_beg = 1;
  else
    {
      sals = decode_line_1 (&arg1, 0, 0, 0);

      if (! sals.nelts) return;  /*  C++  */
      if (sals.nelts != 1)
	{
	  error ("Unreasonable listing request");
	}

      sal = sals.sals[0];
      free (sals.sals);
    }

  /* Record whether the BEG arg is all digits.  */

  for (p = arg; p != arg1 && *p >= '0' && *p <= '9'; p++);
  linenum_beg = (p == arg1);

  while (*arg1 == ' ' || *arg1 == '\t')
    arg1++;
  if (*arg1 == ',')
    {
      no_end = 0;
      arg1++;
      while (*arg1 == ' ' || *arg1 == '\t')
	arg1++;
      if (*arg1 == 0)
	dummy_end = 1;
      else
	{
	  if (dummy_beg)
	    sals_end = decode_line_1 (&arg1, 0, 0, 0);
	  else
	    sals_end = decode_line_1 (&arg1, 0, sal.symtab, sal.line);
	  if (! sals_end.nelts) return;  /* C++ */
	  sal_end = sals_end.sals[0];
	  free (sals_end.sals);
	}
    }

  if (*arg1)
    error ("Junk at end of line specification.");

  if (!no_end && !dummy_beg && !dummy_end
      && sal.symtab != sal_end.symtab)
    error ("Specified start and end are in different files.");
  if (dummy_beg && dummy_end)
    error ("Two empty args do not say what lines to list.");
 
  /* if line was specified by address,
     first print exactly which line, and which file.
     In this case, sal.symtab == 0 means address is outside
     of all known source files, not that user failed to give a filename.  */
  if (*arg == '*')
    {
      if (sal.symtab == 0)
	error ("No source file for address 0x%x.", sal.pc);
      sym = find_pc_function (sal.pc);
      if (sym)
	printf ("0x%x is in %s (%s, line %d).\n",
		sal.pc, SYMBOL_NAME (sym), sal.symtab->filename, sal.line);
      else
	printf ("0x%x is in %s, line %d.\n",
		sal.pc, sal.symtab->filename, sal.line);
    }

  /* If line was not specified by just a line number,
     and it does not imply a symtab, it must be an undebuggable symbol
     which means no source code.  */

  if (! linenum_beg && sal.symtab == 0)
    error ("No line number known for %s.", arg);

  /* If this command is repeated with RET,
     turn it into the no-arg variant.  */

  if (from_tty)
    *arg = 0;

  if (dummy_beg && sal_end.symtab == 0)
    error ("No default source file yet.  Do \"help list\".");
  if (dummy_beg)
    print_source_lines (sal_end.symtab, max (sal_end.line - 9, 1),
			sal_end.line + 1, 0);
  else if (sal.symtab == 0)
    error ("No default source file yet.  Do \"help list\".");
  else if (no_end)
    print_source_lines (sal.symtab, max (sal.line - 5, 1), sal.line + 5, 0);
  else
    print_source_lines (sal.symtab, sal.line,
			dummy_end ? sal.line + 10 : sal_end.line + 1, 0);
}

/* Print info on range of pc's in a specified line.  */

static void
line_info (arg, from_tty)
     char *arg;
     int from_tty;
{
  struct symtabs_and_lines sals;
  struct symtab_and_line sal;
  int start_pc, end_pc;

  if (arg == 0)
    {
      sal.symtab = current_source_symtab;
      sal.line = last_line_listed;
    }
  else
    {
      sals = decode_line_spec (arg);

      if (sals.nelts == 0)
	return;			/* C++ */
      if (sals.nelts != 1)
	error ("unreasonable line info request");
      
      sal = sals.sals[0];
      free (sals.sals);
      /* If this command is repeated with RET,
	 turn it into the no-arg variant.  */

      if (from_tty)
	*arg = 0;
    }

  if (sal.symtab == 0)
    error ("No source file specified.");
  if (sal.line > 0
      && find_line_pc_range (sal.symtab, sal.line, &start_pc, &end_pc))
    {
      if (start_pc == end_pc)
	printf ("Line %d of \"%s\" is at pc 0x%x but contains no code.\n",
		sal.line, sal.symtab->filename, start_pc);
      else
	printf ("Line %d of \"%s\" starts at pc 0x%x and ends at 0x%x.\n",
		sal.line, sal.symtab->filename, start_pc, end_pc);
      /* x/i should display this line's code.  */
      set_next_address (start_pc);
      /* Repeating "info line" should do the following line.  */
      last_line_listed = sal.line + 1;
    }
  else
    printf ("Line number %d is out of range for \"%s\".\n",
	    sal.line, sal.symtab->filename);
}

/* Commands to search the source file for a regexp.  */

static void
forward_search_command (regex, from_tty)
     char *regex;
{
  register int c;
  register int desc;
  register FILE *stream;
  int line = last_line_listed + 1;
  char *msg;

  msg = (char *) re_comp (regex);
  if (msg)
    error (msg);

  if (current_source_symtab == 0) 
    error ("No default source file yet.  Do \"help list\".");

  /* Search from last_line_listed+1 in current_source_symtab */

  desc = openp (source_path, 0, current_source_symtab->filename,
		O_RDONLY, 0, &current_source_symtab->fullname);
  if (desc < 0)
    perror_with_name (current_source_symtab->filename);

  if (current_source_symtab->line_charpos == 0)
    find_source_lines (current_source_symtab, desc);

  if (line < 1 || line > current_source_symtab->nlines)
    {
      close (desc);
      error ("Expression not found");
    }

  if (lseek (desc, current_source_symtab->line_charpos[line - 1], 0) < 0)
    {
      close (desc);
      perror_with_name (current_source_symtab->filename);
    }

  stream = fdopen (desc, "r");
  clearerr (stream);
  while (1) {
    char buf[4096];		/* Should be reasonable??? */
    register char *p = buf;

    c = fgetc (stream);
    if (c == EOF)
      break;
    do {
      *p++ = c;
    } while (c != '\n' && (c = fgetc (stream)) >= 0);

    /* we now have a source line in buf, null terminate and match */
    *p = 0;
    if (re_exec (buf) > 0)
      {
	/* Match! */
	fclose (stream);
	print_source_lines (current_source_symtab,
			   line, line+1, 0);
	current_source_line = max (line - 5, 1);
	return;
      }
    line++;
  }

  printf ("Expression not found\n");
  fclose (stream);
}

static void
reverse_search_command (regex, from_tty)
     char *regex;
{
  register int c;
  register int desc;
  register FILE *stream;
  int line = last_line_listed - 1;
  char *msg;

  msg = (char *) re_comp (regex);
  if (msg)
    error (msg);

  if (current_source_symtab == 0) 
    error ("No default source file yet.  Do \"help list\".");

  /* Search from last_line_listed-1 in current_source_symtab */

  desc = openp (source_path, 0, current_source_symtab->filename,
		O_RDONLY, 0, &current_source_symtab->fullname);
  if (desc < 0)
    perror_with_name (current_source_symtab->filename);

  if (current_source_symtab->line_charpos == 0)
    find_source_lines (current_source_symtab, desc);

  if (line < 1 || line > current_source_symtab->nlines)
    {
      close (desc);
      error ("Expression not found");
    }

  if (lseek (desc, current_source_symtab->line_charpos[line - 1], 0) < 0)
    {
      close (desc);
      perror_with_name (current_source_symtab->filename);
    }

  stream = fdopen (desc, "r");
  clearerr (stream);
  while (1)
    {
      char buf[4096];		/* Should be reasonable??? */
      register char *p = buf;

      c = fgetc (stream);
      if (c == EOF)
	break;
      do {
	*p++ = c;
      } while (c != '\n' && (c = fgetc (stream)) >= 0);

      /* We now have a source line in buf; null terminate and match.  */
      *p = 0;
      if (re_exec (buf) > 0)
	{
	  /* Match! */
	  fclose (stream);
	  print_source_lines (current_source_symtab,
			      line, line+1, 0);
	  current_source_line = max (line - 5, 1);
	  return;
	}
      line--;
      if (fseek (stream, current_source_symtab->line_charpos[line - 1], 0) < 0)
	{
	  fclose (stream);
	  perror_with_name (current_source_symtab->filename);
	}
    }

  printf ("Expression not found\n");
  fclose (stream);
  return;
}

static
initialize ()
{
  current_source_symtab = 0;
  init_source_path ();

  add_com ("directory", class_files, directory_command,
	   "Add directory DIR to end of search path for source files.\n\
With no argument, reset the search path to just the working directory\n\
and forget cached info on line positions in source files.");

  add_info ("directories", directories_info,
	    "Current search path for finding source files.");

  add_info ("line", line_info,
	    "Core addresses of the code for a source line.\n\
Line can be specified as\n\
  LINENUM, to list around that line in current file,\n\
  FILE:LINENUM, to list around that line in that file,\n\
  FUNCTION, to list around beginning of that function,\n\
  FILE:FUNCTION, to distinguish among like-named static functions.\n\
Default is to describe the last source line that was listed.\n\n\
This sets the default address for \"x\" to the line's first instruction\n\
so that \"x/i\" suffices to start examining the machine code.\n\
The address is also stored as the value of \"$_\".");

  add_com ("forward-search", class_files, forward_search_command,
	   "Search for regular expression (see regex(3)) from last line listed.");
  add_com_alias ("search", "forward-search", class_files, 0);

  add_com ("reverse-search", class_files, reverse_search_command,
	   "Search backward for regular expression (see regex(3)) from last line listed.");

  add_com ("list", class_files, list_command,
	   "List specified function or line.\n\
With no argument, lists ten more lines after or around previous listing.\n\
\"list -\" lists the ten lines before a previous ten-line listing.\n\
One argument specifies a line, and ten lines are listed around that line.\n\
Two arguments with comma between specify starting and ending lines to list.\n\
Lines can be specified in these ways:\n\
  LINENUM, to list around that line in current file,\n\
  FILE:LINENUM, to list around that line in that file,\n\
  FUNCTION, to list around beginning of that function,\n\
  FILE:FUNCTION, to distinguish among like-named static functions.\n\
  *ADDRESS, to list around the line containing that address.\n\
With two args if one is empty it stands for ten lines away from the other arg.");
}

END_FILE

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