Annotation of qemu/hw/armv7m.c, revision 1.1

1.1     ! root        1: /*
        !             2:  * ARMV7M System emulation.
        !             3:  *
        !             4:  * Copyright (c) 2006-2007 CodeSourcery.
        !             5:  * Written by Paul Brook
        !             6:  *
        !             7:  * This code is licenced under the GPL.
        !             8:  */
        !             9: 
        !            10: #include "hw.h"
        !            11: #include "arm-misc.h"
        !            12: #include "sysemu.h"
        !            13: 
        !            14: /* Bitbanded IO.  Each word corresponds to a single bit.  */
        !            15: 
        !            16: /* Get the byte address of the real memory for a bitband acess.  */
        !            17: static inline uint32_t bitband_addr(uint32_t addr)
        !            18: {
        !            19:     uint32_t res;
        !            20: 
        !            21:     res = addr & 0xe0000000;
        !            22:     res |= (addr & 0x1ffffff) >> 5;
        !            23:     return res;
        !            24: 
        !            25: }
        !            26: 
        !            27: static uint32_t bitband_readb(void *opaque, target_phys_addr_t offset)
        !            28: {
        !            29:     uint8_t v;
        !            30:     cpu_physical_memory_read(bitband_addr(offset), &v, 1);
        !            31:     return (v & (1 << ((offset >> 2) & 7))) != 0;
        !            32: }
        !            33: 
        !            34: static void bitband_writeb(void *opaque, target_phys_addr_t offset,
        !            35:                            uint32_t value)
        !            36: {
        !            37:     uint32_t addr;
        !            38:     uint8_t mask;
        !            39:     uint8_t v;
        !            40:     addr = bitband_addr(offset);
        !            41:     mask = (1 << ((offset >> 2) & 7));
        !            42:     cpu_physical_memory_read(addr, &v, 1);
        !            43:     if (value & 1)
        !            44:         v |= mask;
        !            45:     else
        !            46:         v &= ~mask;
        !            47:     cpu_physical_memory_write(addr, &v, 1);
        !            48: }
        !            49: 
        !            50: static uint32_t bitband_readw(void *opaque, target_phys_addr_t offset)
        !            51: {
        !            52:     uint32_t addr;
        !            53:     uint16_t mask;
        !            54:     uint16_t v;
        !            55:     addr = bitband_addr(offset) & ~1;
        !            56:     mask = (1 << ((offset >> 2) & 15));
        !            57:     mask = tswap16(mask);
        !            58:     cpu_physical_memory_read(addr, (uint8_t *)&v, 2);
        !            59:     return (v & mask) != 0;
        !            60: }
        !            61: 
        !            62: static void bitband_writew(void *opaque, target_phys_addr_t offset,
        !            63:                            uint32_t value)
        !            64: {
        !            65:     uint32_t addr;
        !            66:     uint16_t mask;
        !            67:     uint16_t v;
        !            68:     addr = bitband_addr(offset) & ~1;
        !            69:     mask = (1 << ((offset >> 2) & 15));
        !            70:     mask = tswap16(mask);
        !            71:     cpu_physical_memory_read(addr, (uint8_t *)&v, 2);
        !            72:     if (value & 1)
        !            73:         v |= mask;
        !            74:     else
        !            75:         v &= ~mask;
        !            76:     cpu_physical_memory_write(addr, (uint8_t *)&v, 2);
        !            77: }
        !            78: 
        !            79: static uint32_t bitband_readl(void *opaque, target_phys_addr_t offset)
        !            80: {
        !            81:     uint32_t addr;
        !            82:     uint32_t mask;
        !            83:     uint32_t v;
        !            84:     addr = bitband_addr(offset) & ~3;
        !            85:     mask = (1 << ((offset >> 2) & 31));
        !            86:     mask = tswap32(mask);
        !            87:     cpu_physical_memory_read(addr, (uint8_t *)&v, 4);
        !            88:     return (v & mask) != 0;
        !            89: }
        !            90: 
        !            91: static void bitband_writel(void *opaque, target_phys_addr_t offset,
        !            92:                            uint32_t value)
        !            93: {
        !            94:     uint32_t addr;
        !            95:     uint32_t mask;
        !            96:     uint32_t v;
        !            97:     addr = bitband_addr(offset) & ~3;
        !            98:     mask = (1 << ((offset >> 2) & 31));
        !            99:     mask = tswap32(mask);
        !           100:     cpu_physical_memory_read(addr, (uint8_t *)&v, 4);
        !           101:     if (value & 1)
        !           102:         v |= mask;
        !           103:     else
        !           104:         v &= ~mask;
        !           105:     cpu_physical_memory_write(addr, (uint8_t *)&v, 4);
        !           106: }
        !           107: 
        !           108: static CPUReadMemoryFunc *bitband_readfn[] = {
        !           109:    bitband_readb,
        !           110:    bitband_readw,
        !           111:    bitband_readl
        !           112: };
        !           113: 
        !           114: static CPUWriteMemoryFunc *bitband_writefn[] = {
        !           115:    bitband_writeb,
        !           116:    bitband_writew,
        !           117:    bitband_writel
        !           118: };
        !           119: 
        !           120: static void armv7m_bitband_init(void)
        !           121: {
        !           122:     int iomemtype;
        !           123: 
        !           124:     iomemtype = cpu_register_io_memory(0, bitband_readfn, bitband_writefn,
        !           125:                                        NULL);
        !           126:     cpu_register_physical_memory(0x22000000, 0x02000000, iomemtype);
        !           127:     cpu_register_physical_memory(0x42000000, 0x02000000, iomemtype);
        !           128: }
        !           129: 
        !           130: /* Board init.  */
        !           131: /* Init CPU and memory for a v7-M based board.
        !           132:    flash_size and sram_size are in kb.
        !           133:    Returns the NVIC array.  */
        !           134: 
        !           135: qemu_irq *armv7m_init(int flash_size, int sram_size,
        !           136:                       const char *kernel_filename, const char *cpu_model)
        !           137: {
        !           138:     CPUState *env;
        !           139:     qemu_irq *pic;
        !           140:     uint32_t pc;
        !           141:     int image_size;
        !           142:     uint64_t entry;
        !           143:     uint64_t lowaddr;
        !           144: 
        !           145:     flash_size *= 1024;
        !           146:     sram_size *= 1024;
        !           147: 
        !           148:     if (!cpu_model)
        !           149:        cpu_model = "cortex-m3";
        !           150:     env = cpu_init(cpu_model);
        !           151:     if (!env) {
        !           152:         fprintf(stderr, "Unable to find CPU definition\n");
        !           153:         exit(1);
        !           154:     }
        !           155: 
        !           156: #if 0
        !           157:     /* > 32Mb SRAM gets complicated because it overlaps the bitband area.
        !           158:        We don't have proper commandline options, so allocate half of memory
        !           159:        as SRAM, up to a maximum of 32Mb, and the rest as code.  */
        !           160:     if (ram_size > (512 + 32) * 1024 * 1024)
        !           161:         ram_size = (512 + 32) * 1024 * 1024;
        !           162:     sram_size = (ram_size / 2) & TARGET_PAGE_MASK;
        !           163:     if (sram_size > 32 * 1024 * 1024)
        !           164:         sram_size = 32 * 1024 * 1024;
        !           165:     code_size = ram_size - sram_size;
        !           166: #endif
        !           167: 
        !           168:     /* Flash programming is done via the SCU, so pretend it is ROM.  */
        !           169:     cpu_register_physical_memory(0, flash_size, IO_MEM_ROM);
        !           170:     cpu_register_physical_memory(0x20000000, sram_size,
        !           171:                                  flash_size + IO_MEM_RAM);
        !           172:     armv7m_bitband_init();
        !           173: 
        !           174:     pic = armv7m_nvic_init(env);
        !           175: 
        !           176:     image_size = load_elf(kernel_filename, 0, &entry, &lowaddr, NULL);
        !           177:     if (image_size < 0) {
        !           178:         image_size = load_image(kernel_filename, phys_ram_base);
        !           179:        lowaddr = 0;
        !           180:     }
        !           181:     if (image_size < 0) {
        !           182:         fprintf(stderr, "qemu: could not load kernel '%s'\n",
        !           183:                 kernel_filename);
        !           184:         exit(1);
        !           185:     }
        !           186: 
        !           187:     /* If the image was loaded at address zero then assume it is a
        !           188:        regular ROM image and perform the normal CPU reset sequence.
        !           189:        Otherwise jump directly to the entry point.  */
        !           190:     if (lowaddr == 0) {
        !           191:        env->regs[13] = tswap32(*(uint32_t *)phys_ram_base);
        !           192:        pc = tswap32(*(uint32_t *)(phys_ram_base + 4));
        !           193:     } else {
        !           194:        pc = entry;
        !           195:     }
        !           196:     env->thumb = pc & 1;
        !           197:     env->regs[15] = pc & ~1;
        !           198: 
        !           199:     /* Hack to map an additional page of ram at the top of the address
        !           200:        space.  This stops qemu complaining about executing code outside RAM
        !           201:        when returning from an exception.  */
        !           202:     cpu_register_physical_memory(0xfffff000, 0x1000, IO_MEM_RAM + ram_size);
        !           203: 
        !           204:     return pic;
        !           205: }
        !           206: 

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