File:  [Qemu by Fabrice Bellard] / qemu / hw / cadence_uart.c
Revision 1.1.1.1 (vendor branch): download - view: text, annotated - select for diffs
Tue Apr 24 19:47:45 2018 UTC (17 months ago) by root
Branches: qemu, MAIN
CVS tags: qemu1101, HEAD
qemu 1.1.1

/*
 * Device model for Cadence UART
 *
 * Copyright (c) 2010 Xilinx Inc.
 * Copyright (c) 2012 Peter A.G. Crosthwaite (peter.crosthwaite@petalogix.com)
 * Copyright (c) 2012 PetaLogix Pty Ltd.
 * Written by Haibing Ma
 *            M.Habib
 *
 * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
 * modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License
 * as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version
 * 2 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
 *
 * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along
 * with this program; if not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
 */

#include "sysbus.h"
#include "qemu-char.h"
#include "qemu-timer.h"

#ifdef CADENCE_UART_ERR_DEBUG
#define DB_PRINT(...) do { \
    fprintf(stderr,  ": %s: ", __func__); \
    fprintf(stderr, ## __VA_ARGS__); \
    } while (0);
#else
    #define DB_PRINT(...)
#endif

#define UART_SR_INTR_RTRIG     0x00000001
#define UART_SR_INTR_REMPTY    0x00000002
#define UART_SR_INTR_RFUL      0x00000004
#define UART_SR_INTR_TEMPTY    0x00000008
#define UART_SR_INTR_TFUL      0x00000010
/* bits fields in CSR that correlate to CISR. If any of these bits are set in
 * SR, then the same bit in CISR is set high too */
#define UART_SR_TO_CISR_MASK   0x0000001F

#define UART_INTR_ROVR         0x00000020
#define UART_INTR_FRAME        0x00000040
#define UART_INTR_PARE         0x00000080
#define UART_INTR_TIMEOUT      0x00000100
#define UART_INTR_DMSI         0x00000200

#define UART_SR_RACTIVE    0x00000400
#define UART_SR_TACTIVE    0x00000800
#define UART_SR_FDELT      0x00001000

#define UART_CR_RXRST       0x00000001
#define UART_CR_TXRST       0x00000002
#define UART_CR_RX_EN       0x00000004
#define UART_CR_RX_DIS      0x00000008
#define UART_CR_TX_EN       0x00000010
#define UART_CR_TX_DIS      0x00000020
#define UART_CR_RST_TO      0x00000040
#define UART_CR_STARTBRK    0x00000080
#define UART_CR_STOPBRK     0x00000100

#define UART_MR_CLKS            0x00000001
#define UART_MR_CHRL            0x00000006
#define UART_MR_CHRL_SH         1
#define UART_MR_PAR             0x00000038
#define UART_MR_PAR_SH          3
#define UART_MR_NBSTOP          0x000000C0
#define UART_MR_NBSTOP_SH       6
#define UART_MR_CHMODE          0x00000300
#define UART_MR_CHMODE_SH       8
#define UART_MR_UCLKEN          0x00000400
#define UART_MR_IRMODE          0x00000800

#define UART_DATA_BITS_6       (0x3 << UART_MR_CHRL_SH)
#define UART_DATA_BITS_7       (0x2 << UART_MR_CHRL_SH)
#define UART_PARITY_ODD        (0x1 << UART_MR_PAR_SH)
#define UART_PARITY_EVEN       (0x0 << UART_MR_PAR_SH)
#define UART_STOP_BITS_1       (0x3 << UART_MR_NBSTOP_SH)
#define UART_STOP_BITS_2       (0x2 << UART_MR_NBSTOP_SH)
#define NORMAL_MODE            (0x0 << UART_MR_CHMODE_SH)
#define ECHO_MODE              (0x1 << UART_MR_CHMODE_SH)
#define LOCAL_LOOPBACK         (0x2 << UART_MR_CHMODE_SH)
#define REMOTE_LOOPBACK        (0x3 << UART_MR_CHMODE_SH)

#define RX_FIFO_SIZE           16
#define TX_FIFO_SIZE           16
#define UART_INPUT_CLK         50000000

#define R_CR       (0x00/4)
#define R_MR       (0x04/4)
#define R_IER      (0x08/4)
#define R_IDR      (0x0C/4)
#define R_IMR      (0x10/4)
#define R_CISR     (0x14/4)
#define R_BRGR     (0x18/4)
#define R_RTOR     (0x1C/4)
#define R_RTRIG    (0x20/4)
#define R_MCR      (0x24/4)
#define R_MSR      (0x28/4)
#define R_SR       (0x2C/4)
#define R_TX_RX    (0x30/4)
#define R_BDIV     (0x34/4)
#define R_FDEL     (0x38/4)
#define R_PMIN     (0x3C/4)
#define R_PWID     (0x40/4)
#define R_TTRIG    (0x44/4)

#define R_MAX (R_TTRIG + 1)

typedef struct {
    SysBusDevice busdev;
    MemoryRegion iomem;
    uint32_t r[R_MAX];
    uint8_t r_fifo[RX_FIFO_SIZE];
    uint32_t rx_wpos;
    uint32_t rx_count;
    uint64_t char_tx_time;
    CharDriverState *chr;
    qemu_irq irq;
    struct QEMUTimer *fifo_trigger_handle;
    struct QEMUTimer *tx_time_handle;
} UartState;

static void uart_update_status(UartState *s)
{
    s->r[R_CISR] |= s->r[R_SR] & UART_SR_TO_CISR_MASK;
    qemu_set_irq(s->irq, !!(s->r[R_IMR] & s->r[R_CISR]));
}

static void fifo_trigger_update(void *opaque)
{
    UartState *s = (UartState *)opaque;

    s->r[R_CISR] |= UART_INTR_TIMEOUT;

    uart_update_status(s);
}

static void uart_tx_redo(UartState *s)
{
    uint64_t new_tx_time = qemu_get_clock_ns(vm_clock);

    qemu_mod_timer(s->tx_time_handle, new_tx_time + s->char_tx_time);

    s->r[R_SR] |= UART_SR_INTR_TEMPTY;

    uart_update_status(s);
}

static void uart_tx_write(void *opaque)
{
    UartState *s = (UartState *)opaque;

    uart_tx_redo(s);
}

static void uart_rx_reset(UartState *s)
{
    s->rx_wpos = 0;
    s->rx_count = 0;

    s->r[R_SR] |= UART_SR_INTR_REMPTY;
    s->r[R_SR] &= ~UART_SR_INTR_RFUL;
}

static void uart_tx_reset(UartState *s)
{
    s->r[R_SR] |= UART_SR_INTR_TEMPTY;
    s->r[R_SR] &= ~UART_SR_INTR_TFUL;
}

static void uart_send_breaks(UartState *s)
{
    int break_enabled = 1;

    qemu_chr_fe_ioctl(s->chr, CHR_IOCTL_SERIAL_SET_BREAK,
                               &break_enabled);
}

static void uart_parameters_setup(UartState *s)
{
    QEMUSerialSetParams ssp;
    unsigned int baud_rate, packet_size;

    baud_rate = (s->r[R_MR] & UART_MR_CLKS) ?
            UART_INPUT_CLK / 8 : UART_INPUT_CLK;

    ssp.speed = baud_rate / (s->r[R_BRGR] * (s->r[R_BDIV] + 1));
    packet_size = 1;

    switch (s->r[R_MR] & UART_MR_PAR) {
    case UART_PARITY_EVEN:
        ssp.parity = 'E';
        packet_size++;
        break;
    case UART_PARITY_ODD:
        ssp.parity = 'O';
        packet_size++;
        break;
    default:
        ssp.parity = 'N';
        break;
    }

    switch (s->r[R_MR] & UART_MR_CHRL) {
    case UART_DATA_BITS_6:
        ssp.data_bits = 6;
        break;
    case UART_DATA_BITS_7:
        ssp.data_bits = 7;
        break;
    default:
        ssp.data_bits = 8;
        break;
    }

    switch (s->r[R_MR] & UART_MR_NBSTOP) {
    case UART_STOP_BITS_1:
        ssp.stop_bits = 1;
        break;
    default:
        ssp.stop_bits = 2;
        break;
    }

    packet_size += ssp.data_bits + ssp.stop_bits;
    s->char_tx_time = (get_ticks_per_sec() / ssp.speed) * packet_size;
    qemu_chr_fe_ioctl(s->chr, CHR_IOCTL_SERIAL_SET_PARAMS, &ssp);
}

static int uart_can_receive(void *opaque)
{
    UartState *s = (UartState *)opaque;

    return RX_FIFO_SIZE - s->rx_count;
}

static void uart_ctrl_update(UartState *s)
{
    if (s->r[R_CR] & UART_CR_TXRST) {
        uart_tx_reset(s);
    }

    if (s->r[R_CR] & UART_CR_RXRST) {
        uart_rx_reset(s);
    }

    s->r[R_CR] &= ~(UART_CR_TXRST | UART_CR_RXRST);

    if ((s->r[R_CR] & UART_CR_TX_EN) && !(s->r[R_CR] & UART_CR_TX_DIS)) {
            uart_tx_redo(s);
    }

    if (s->r[R_CR] & UART_CR_STARTBRK && !(s->r[R_CR] & UART_CR_STOPBRK)) {
        uart_send_breaks(s);
    }
}

static void uart_write_rx_fifo(void *opaque, const uint8_t *buf, int size)
{
    UartState *s = (UartState *)opaque;
    uint64_t new_rx_time = qemu_get_clock_ns(vm_clock);
    int i;

    if ((s->r[R_CR] & UART_CR_RX_DIS) || !(s->r[R_CR] & UART_CR_RX_EN)) {
        return;
    }

    s->r[R_SR] &= ~UART_SR_INTR_REMPTY;

    if (s->rx_count == RX_FIFO_SIZE) {
        s->r[R_CISR] |= UART_INTR_ROVR;
    } else {
        for (i = 0; i < size; i++) {
            s->r_fifo[s->rx_wpos] = buf[i];
            s->rx_wpos = (s->rx_wpos + 1) % RX_FIFO_SIZE;
            s->rx_count++;

            if (s->rx_count == RX_FIFO_SIZE) {
                s->r[R_SR] |= UART_SR_INTR_RFUL;
                break;
            }

            if (s->rx_count >= s->r[R_RTRIG]) {
                s->r[R_SR] |= UART_SR_INTR_RTRIG;
            }
        }
        qemu_mod_timer(s->fifo_trigger_handle, new_rx_time +
                                                (s->char_tx_time * 4));
    }
    uart_update_status(s);
}

static void uart_write_tx_fifo(UartState *s, const uint8_t *buf, int size)
{
    if ((s->r[R_CR] & UART_CR_TX_DIS) || !(s->r[R_CR] & UART_CR_TX_EN)) {
        return;
    }

    while (size) {
        size -= qemu_chr_fe_write(s->chr, buf, size);
    }
}

static void uart_receive(void *opaque, const uint8_t *buf, int size)
{
    UartState *s = (UartState *)opaque;
    uint32_t ch_mode = s->r[R_MR] & UART_MR_CHMODE;

    if (ch_mode == NORMAL_MODE || ch_mode == ECHO_MODE) {
        uart_write_rx_fifo(opaque, buf, size);
    }
    if (ch_mode == REMOTE_LOOPBACK || ch_mode == ECHO_MODE) {
        uart_write_tx_fifo(s, buf, size);
    }
}

static void uart_event(void *opaque, int event)
{
    UartState *s = (UartState *)opaque;
    uint8_t buf = '\0';

    if (event == CHR_EVENT_BREAK) {
        uart_write_rx_fifo(opaque, &buf, 1);
    }

    uart_update_status(s);
}

static void uart_read_rx_fifo(UartState *s, uint32_t *c)
{
    if ((s->r[R_CR] & UART_CR_RX_DIS) || !(s->r[R_CR] & UART_CR_RX_EN)) {
        return;
    }

    s->r[R_SR] &= ~UART_SR_INTR_RFUL;

    if (s->rx_count) {
        uint32_t rx_rpos =
                (RX_FIFO_SIZE + s->rx_wpos - s->rx_count) % RX_FIFO_SIZE;
        *c = s->r_fifo[rx_rpos];
        s->rx_count--;

        if (!s->rx_count) {
            s->r[R_SR] |= UART_SR_INTR_REMPTY;
        }
    } else {
        *c = 0;
        s->r[R_SR] |= UART_SR_INTR_REMPTY;
    }

    if (s->rx_count < s->r[R_RTRIG]) {
        s->r[R_SR] &= ~UART_SR_INTR_RTRIG;
    }
    uart_update_status(s);
}

static void uart_write(void *opaque, target_phys_addr_t offset,
                          uint64_t value, unsigned size)
{
    UartState *s = (UartState *)opaque;

    DB_PRINT(" offset:%x data:%08x\n", offset, (unsigned)value);
    offset >>= 2;
    switch (offset) {
    case R_IER: /* ier (wts imr) */
        s->r[R_IMR] |= value;
        break;
    case R_IDR: /* idr (wtc imr) */
        s->r[R_IMR] &= ~value;
        break;
    case R_IMR: /* imr (read only) */
        break;
    case R_CISR: /* cisr (wtc) */
        s->r[R_CISR] &= ~value;
        break;
    case R_TX_RX: /* UARTDR */
        switch (s->r[R_MR] & UART_MR_CHMODE) {
        case NORMAL_MODE:
            uart_write_tx_fifo(s, (uint8_t *) &value, 1);
            break;
        case LOCAL_LOOPBACK:
            uart_write_rx_fifo(opaque, (uint8_t *) &value, 1);
            break;
        }
        break;
    default:
        s->r[offset] = value;
    }

    switch (offset) {
    case R_CR:
        uart_ctrl_update(s);
        break;
    case R_MR:
        uart_parameters_setup(s);
        break;
    }
}

static uint64_t uart_read(void *opaque, target_phys_addr_t offset,
        unsigned size)
{
    UartState *s = (UartState *)opaque;
    uint32_t c = 0;

    offset >>= 2;
    if (offset > R_MAX) {
        return 0;
    } else if (offset == R_TX_RX) {
        uart_read_rx_fifo(s, &c);
        return c;
    }
    return s->r[offset];
}

static const MemoryRegionOps uart_ops = {
    .read = uart_read,
    .write = uart_write,
    .endianness = DEVICE_NATIVE_ENDIAN,
};

static void cadence_uart_reset(UartState *s)
{
    s->r[R_CR] = 0x00000128;
    s->r[R_IMR] = 0;
    s->r[R_CISR] = 0;
    s->r[R_RTRIG] = 0x00000020;
    s->r[R_BRGR] = 0x0000000F;
    s->r[R_TTRIG] = 0x00000020;

    uart_rx_reset(s);
    uart_tx_reset(s);

    s->rx_count = 0;
    s->rx_wpos = 0;
}

static int cadence_uart_init(SysBusDevice *dev)
{
    UartState *s = FROM_SYSBUS(UartState, dev);

    memory_region_init_io(&s->iomem, &uart_ops, s, "uart", 0x1000);
    sysbus_init_mmio(dev, &s->iomem);
    sysbus_init_irq(dev, &s->irq);

    s->fifo_trigger_handle = qemu_new_timer_ns(vm_clock,
            (QEMUTimerCB *)fifo_trigger_update, s);

    s->tx_time_handle = qemu_new_timer_ns(vm_clock,
            (QEMUTimerCB *)uart_tx_write, s);

    s->char_tx_time = (get_ticks_per_sec() / 9600) * 10;

    s->chr = qemu_char_get_next_serial();

    cadence_uart_reset(s);

    if (s->chr) {
        qemu_chr_add_handlers(s->chr, uart_can_receive, uart_receive,
                              uart_event, s);
    }

    return 0;
}

static int cadence_uart_post_load(void *opaque, int version_id)
{
    UartState *s = opaque;

    uart_parameters_setup(s);
    uart_update_status(s);
    return 0;
}

static const VMStateDescription vmstate_cadence_uart = {
    .name = "cadence_uart",
    .version_id = 1,
    .minimum_version_id = 1,
    .minimum_version_id_old = 1,
    .post_load = cadence_uart_post_load,
    .fields = (VMStateField[]) {
        VMSTATE_UINT32_ARRAY(r, UartState, R_MAX),
        VMSTATE_UINT8_ARRAY(r_fifo, UartState, RX_FIFO_SIZE),
        VMSTATE_UINT32(rx_count, UartState),
        VMSTATE_UINT32(rx_wpos, UartState),
        VMSTATE_TIMER(fifo_trigger_handle, UartState),
        VMSTATE_TIMER(tx_time_handle, UartState),
        VMSTATE_END_OF_LIST()
    }
};

static void cadence_uart_class_init(ObjectClass *klass, void *data)
{
    DeviceClass *dc = DEVICE_CLASS(klass);
    SysBusDeviceClass *sdc = SYS_BUS_DEVICE_CLASS(klass);

    sdc->init = cadence_uart_init;
    dc->vmsd = &vmstate_cadence_uart;
}

static TypeInfo cadence_uart_info = {
    .name          = "cadence_uart",
    .parent        = TYPE_SYS_BUS_DEVICE,
    .instance_size = sizeof(UartState),
    .class_init    = cadence_uart_class_init,
};

static void cadence_uart_register_types(void)
{
    type_register_static(&cadence_uart_info);
}

type_init(cadence_uart_register_types)

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