File:  [Qemu by Fabrice Bellard] / qemu / hw / msix.c
Revision 1.1.1.2 (vendor branch): download - view: text, annotated - select for diffs
Tue Apr 24 17:40:07 2018 UTC (2 years, 2 months ago) by root
Branches: qemu, MAIN
CVS tags: qemu0125, qemu0124, qemu0123, qemu0122, qemu0121, qemu0120, HEAD
qemu 0.12.0

/*
 * MSI-X device support
 *
 * This module includes support for MSI-X in pci devices.
 *
 * Author: Michael S. Tsirkin <mst@redhat.com>
 *
 *  Copyright (c) 2009, Red Hat Inc, Michael S. Tsirkin (mst@redhat.com)
 *
 * This work is licensed under the terms of the GNU GPL, version 2.  See
 * the COPYING file in the top-level directory.
 */

#include "hw.h"
#include "msix.h"
#include "pci.h"

/* Declaration from linux/pci_regs.h */
#define  PCI_CAP_ID_MSIX 0x11 /* MSI-X */
#define  PCI_MSIX_FLAGS 2     /* Table at lower 11 bits */
#define  PCI_MSIX_FLAGS_QSIZE	0x7FF
#define  PCI_MSIX_FLAGS_ENABLE	(1 << 15)
#define  PCI_MSIX_FLAGS_MASKALL	(1 << 14)
#define  PCI_MSIX_FLAGS_BIRMASK	(7 << 0)

/* MSI-X capability structure */
#define MSIX_TABLE_OFFSET 4
#define MSIX_PBA_OFFSET 8
#define MSIX_CAP_LENGTH 12

/* MSI enable bit and maskall bit are in byte 1 in FLAGS register */
#define MSIX_CONTROL_OFFSET (PCI_MSIX_FLAGS + 1)
#define MSIX_ENABLE_MASK (PCI_MSIX_FLAGS_ENABLE >> 8)
#define MSIX_MASKALL_MASK (PCI_MSIX_FLAGS_MASKALL >> 8)

/* MSI-X table format */
#define MSIX_MSG_ADDR 0
#define MSIX_MSG_UPPER_ADDR 4
#define MSIX_MSG_DATA 8
#define MSIX_VECTOR_CTRL 12
#define MSIX_ENTRY_SIZE 16
#define MSIX_VECTOR_MASK 0x1

/* How much space does an MSIX table need. */
/* The spec requires giving the table structure
 * a 4K aligned region all by itself. */
#define MSIX_PAGE_SIZE 0x1000
/* Reserve second half of the page for pending bits */
#define MSIX_PAGE_PENDING (MSIX_PAGE_SIZE / 2)
#define MSIX_MAX_ENTRIES 32


#ifdef MSIX_DEBUG
#define DEBUG(fmt, ...)                                       \
    do {                                                      \
      fprintf(stderr, "%s: " fmt, __func__ , __VA_ARGS__);    \
    } while (0)
#else
#define DEBUG(fmt, ...) do { } while(0)
#endif

/* Flag for interrupt controller to declare MSI-X support */
int msix_supported;

/* Add MSI-X capability to the config space for the device. */
/* Given a bar and its size, add MSI-X table on top of it
 * and fill MSI-X capability in the config space.
 * Original bar size must be a power of 2 or 0.
 * New bar size is returned. */
static int msix_add_config(struct PCIDevice *pdev, unsigned short nentries,
                           unsigned bar_nr, unsigned bar_size)
{
    int config_offset;
    uint8_t *config;
    uint32_t new_size;

    if (nentries < 1 || nentries > PCI_MSIX_FLAGS_QSIZE + 1)
        return -EINVAL;
    if (bar_size > 0x80000000)
        return -ENOSPC;

    /* Add space for MSI-X structures */
    if (!bar_size) {
        new_size = MSIX_PAGE_SIZE;
    } else if (bar_size < MSIX_PAGE_SIZE) {
        bar_size = MSIX_PAGE_SIZE;
        new_size = MSIX_PAGE_SIZE * 2;
    } else {
        new_size = bar_size * 2;
    }

    pdev->msix_bar_size = new_size;
    config_offset = pci_add_capability(pdev, PCI_CAP_ID_MSIX, MSIX_CAP_LENGTH);
    if (config_offset < 0)
        return config_offset;
    config = pdev->config + config_offset;

    pci_set_word(config + PCI_MSIX_FLAGS, nentries - 1);
    /* Table on top of BAR */
    pci_set_long(config + MSIX_TABLE_OFFSET, bar_size | bar_nr);
    /* Pending bits on top of that */
    pci_set_long(config + MSIX_PBA_OFFSET, (bar_size + MSIX_PAGE_PENDING) |
                 bar_nr);
    pdev->msix_cap = config_offset;
    /* Make flags bit writeable. */
    pdev->wmask[config_offset + MSIX_CONTROL_OFFSET] |= MSIX_ENABLE_MASK |
	    MSIX_MASKALL_MASK;
    return 0;
}

static uint32_t msix_mmio_readl(void *opaque, target_phys_addr_t addr)
{
    PCIDevice *dev = opaque;
    unsigned int offset = addr & (MSIX_PAGE_SIZE - 1) & ~0x3;
    void *page = dev->msix_table_page;

    return pci_get_long(page + offset);
}

static uint32_t msix_mmio_read_unallowed(void *opaque, target_phys_addr_t addr)
{
    fprintf(stderr, "MSI-X: only dword read is allowed!\n");
    return 0;
}

static uint8_t msix_pending_mask(int vector)
{
    return 1 << (vector % 8);
}

static uint8_t *msix_pending_byte(PCIDevice *dev, int vector)
{
    return dev->msix_table_page + MSIX_PAGE_PENDING + vector / 8;
}

static int msix_is_pending(PCIDevice *dev, int vector)
{
    return *msix_pending_byte(dev, vector) & msix_pending_mask(vector);
}

static void msix_set_pending(PCIDevice *dev, int vector)
{
    *msix_pending_byte(dev, vector) |= msix_pending_mask(vector);
}

static void msix_clr_pending(PCIDevice *dev, int vector)
{
    *msix_pending_byte(dev, vector) &= ~msix_pending_mask(vector);
}

static int msix_function_masked(PCIDevice *dev)
{
    return dev->config[dev->msix_cap + MSIX_CONTROL_OFFSET] & MSIX_MASKALL_MASK;
}

static int msix_is_masked(PCIDevice *dev, int vector)
{
    unsigned offset = vector * MSIX_ENTRY_SIZE + MSIX_VECTOR_CTRL;
    return msix_function_masked(dev) ||
	   dev->msix_table_page[offset] & MSIX_VECTOR_MASK;
}

static void msix_handle_mask_update(PCIDevice *dev, int vector)
{
    if (!msix_is_masked(dev, vector) && msix_is_pending(dev, vector)) {
        msix_clr_pending(dev, vector);
        msix_notify(dev, vector);
    }
}

/* Handle MSI-X capability config write. */
void msix_write_config(PCIDevice *dev, uint32_t addr,
                       uint32_t val, int len)
{
    unsigned enable_pos = dev->msix_cap + MSIX_CONTROL_OFFSET;
    int vector;

    if (addr + len <= enable_pos || addr > enable_pos) {
        return;
    }

    if (!msix_enabled(dev)) {
        return;
    }

    qemu_set_irq(dev->irq[0], 0);

    if (msix_function_masked(dev)) {
        return;
    }

    for (vector = 0; vector < dev->msix_entries_nr; ++vector) {
        msix_handle_mask_update(dev, vector);
    }
}

static void msix_mmio_writel(void *opaque, target_phys_addr_t addr,
                             uint32_t val)
{
    PCIDevice *dev = opaque;
    unsigned int offset = addr & (MSIX_PAGE_SIZE - 1) & ~0x3;
    int vector = offset / MSIX_ENTRY_SIZE;
    pci_set_long(dev->msix_table_page + offset, val);
    msix_handle_mask_update(dev, vector);
}

static void msix_mmio_write_unallowed(void *opaque, target_phys_addr_t addr,
                                      uint32_t val)
{
    fprintf(stderr, "MSI-X: only dword write is allowed!\n");
}

static CPUWriteMemoryFunc * const msix_mmio_write[] = {
    msix_mmio_write_unallowed, msix_mmio_write_unallowed, msix_mmio_writel
};

static CPUReadMemoryFunc * const msix_mmio_read[] = {
    msix_mmio_read_unallowed, msix_mmio_read_unallowed, msix_mmio_readl
};

/* Should be called from device's map method. */
void msix_mmio_map(PCIDevice *d, int region_num,
                   pcibus_t addr, pcibus_t size, int type)
{
    uint8_t *config = d->config + d->msix_cap;
    uint32_t table = pci_get_long(config + MSIX_TABLE_OFFSET);
    uint32_t offset = table & ~(MSIX_PAGE_SIZE - 1);
    /* TODO: for assigned devices, we'll want to make it possible to map
     * pending bits separately in case they are in a separate bar. */
    int table_bir = table & PCI_MSIX_FLAGS_BIRMASK;

    if (table_bir != region_num)
        return;
    if (size <= offset)
        return;
    cpu_register_physical_memory(addr + offset, size - offset,
                                 d->msix_mmio_index);
}

static void msix_mask_all(struct PCIDevice *dev, unsigned nentries)
{
    int vector;
    for (vector = 0; vector < nentries; ++vector) {
        unsigned offset = vector * MSIX_ENTRY_SIZE + MSIX_VECTOR_CTRL;
        dev->msix_table_page[offset] |= MSIX_VECTOR_MASK;
    }
}

/* Initialize the MSI-X structures. Note: if MSI-X is supported, BAR size is
 * modified, it should be retrieved with msix_bar_size. */
int msix_init(struct PCIDevice *dev, unsigned short nentries,
              unsigned bar_nr, unsigned bar_size)
{
    int ret;
    /* Nothing to do if MSI is not supported by interrupt controller */
    if (!msix_supported)
        return -ENOTSUP;

    if (nentries > MSIX_MAX_ENTRIES)
        return -EINVAL;

    dev->msix_entry_used = qemu_mallocz(MSIX_MAX_ENTRIES *
                                        sizeof *dev->msix_entry_used);

    dev->msix_table_page = qemu_mallocz(MSIX_PAGE_SIZE);
    msix_mask_all(dev, nentries);

    dev->msix_mmio_index = cpu_register_io_memory(msix_mmio_read,
                                                  msix_mmio_write, dev);
    if (dev->msix_mmio_index == -1) {
        ret = -EBUSY;
        goto err_index;
    }

    dev->msix_entries_nr = nentries;
    ret = msix_add_config(dev, nentries, bar_nr, bar_size);
    if (ret)
        goto err_config;

    dev->cap_present |= QEMU_PCI_CAP_MSIX;
    return 0;

err_config:
    dev->msix_entries_nr = 0;
    cpu_unregister_io_memory(dev->msix_mmio_index);
err_index:
    qemu_free(dev->msix_table_page);
    dev->msix_table_page = NULL;
    qemu_free(dev->msix_entry_used);
    dev->msix_entry_used = NULL;
    return ret;
}

static void msix_free_irq_entries(PCIDevice *dev)
{
    int vector;

    for (vector = 0; vector < dev->msix_entries_nr; ++vector) {
        dev->msix_entry_used[vector] = 0;
        msix_clr_pending(dev, vector);
    }
}

/* Clean up resources for the device. */
int msix_uninit(PCIDevice *dev)
{
    if (!(dev->cap_present & QEMU_PCI_CAP_MSIX))
        return 0;
    pci_del_capability(dev, PCI_CAP_ID_MSIX, MSIX_CAP_LENGTH);
    dev->msix_cap = 0;
    msix_free_irq_entries(dev);
    dev->msix_entries_nr = 0;
    cpu_unregister_io_memory(dev->msix_mmio_index);
    qemu_free(dev->msix_table_page);
    dev->msix_table_page = NULL;
    qemu_free(dev->msix_entry_used);
    dev->msix_entry_used = NULL;
    dev->cap_present &= ~QEMU_PCI_CAP_MSIX;
    return 0;
}

void msix_save(PCIDevice *dev, QEMUFile *f)
{
    unsigned n = dev->msix_entries_nr;

    if (!(dev->cap_present & QEMU_PCI_CAP_MSIX)) {
        return;
    }

    qemu_put_buffer(f, dev->msix_table_page, n * MSIX_ENTRY_SIZE);
    qemu_put_buffer(f, dev->msix_table_page + MSIX_PAGE_PENDING, (n + 7) / 8);
}

/* Should be called after restoring the config space. */
void msix_load(PCIDevice *dev, QEMUFile *f)
{
    unsigned n = dev->msix_entries_nr;

    if (!(dev->cap_present & QEMU_PCI_CAP_MSIX)) {
        return;
    }

    msix_free_irq_entries(dev);
    qemu_get_buffer(f, dev->msix_table_page, n * MSIX_ENTRY_SIZE);
    qemu_get_buffer(f, dev->msix_table_page + MSIX_PAGE_PENDING, (n + 7) / 8);
}

/* Does device support MSI-X? */
int msix_present(PCIDevice *dev)
{
    return dev->cap_present & QEMU_PCI_CAP_MSIX;
}

/* Is MSI-X enabled? */
int msix_enabled(PCIDevice *dev)
{
    return (dev->cap_present & QEMU_PCI_CAP_MSIX) &&
        (dev->config[dev->msix_cap + MSIX_CONTROL_OFFSET] &
         MSIX_ENABLE_MASK);
}

/* Size of bar where MSI-X table resides, or 0 if MSI-X not supported. */
uint32_t msix_bar_size(PCIDevice *dev)
{
    return (dev->cap_present & QEMU_PCI_CAP_MSIX) ?
        dev->msix_bar_size : 0;
}

/* Send an MSI-X message */
void msix_notify(PCIDevice *dev, unsigned vector)
{
    uint8_t *table_entry = dev->msix_table_page + vector * MSIX_ENTRY_SIZE;
    uint64_t address;
    uint32_t data;

    if (vector >= dev->msix_entries_nr || !dev->msix_entry_used[vector])
        return;
    if (msix_is_masked(dev, vector)) {
        msix_set_pending(dev, vector);
        return;
    }

    address = pci_get_long(table_entry + MSIX_MSG_UPPER_ADDR);
    address = (address << 32) | pci_get_long(table_entry + MSIX_MSG_ADDR);
    data = pci_get_long(table_entry + MSIX_MSG_DATA);
    stl_phys(address, data);
}

void msix_reset(PCIDevice *dev)
{
    if (!(dev->cap_present & QEMU_PCI_CAP_MSIX))
        return;
    msix_free_irq_entries(dev);
    dev->config[dev->msix_cap + MSIX_CONTROL_OFFSET] &=
	    ~dev->wmask[dev->msix_cap + MSIX_CONTROL_OFFSET];
    memset(dev->msix_table_page, 0, MSIX_PAGE_SIZE);
    msix_mask_all(dev, dev->msix_entries_nr);
}

/* PCI spec suggests that devices make it possible for software to configure
 * less vectors than supported by the device, but does not specify a standard
 * mechanism for devices to do so.
 *
 * We support this by asking devices to declare vectors software is going to
 * actually use, and checking this on the notification path. Devices that
 * don't want to follow the spec suggestion can declare all vectors as used. */

/* Mark vector as used. */
int msix_vector_use(PCIDevice *dev, unsigned vector)
{
    if (vector >= dev->msix_entries_nr)
        return -EINVAL;
    dev->msix_entry_used[vector]++;
    return 0;
}

/* Mark vector as unused. */
void msix_vector_unuse(PCIDevice *dev, unsigned vector)
{
    if (vector >= dev->msix_entries_nr || !dev->msix_entry_used[vector]) {
        return;
    }
    if (--dev->msix_entry_used[vector]) {
        return;
    }
    msix_clr_pending(dev, vector);
}

void msix_unuse_all_vectors(PCIDevice *dev)
{
    if (!(dev->cap_present & QEMU_PCI_CAP_MSIX))
        return;
    msix_free_irq_entries(dev);
}

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