Source to osfmk/kern/mach_clock.c


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/*
 * Copyright (c) 2000 Apple Computer, Inc. All rights reserved.
 *
 * @[email protected]
 * 
 * The contents of this file constitute Original Code as defined in and
 * are subject to the Apple Public Source License Version 1.1 (the
 * "License").  You may not use this file except in compliance with the
 * License.  Please obtain a copy of the License at
 * http://www.apple.com/publicsource and read it before using this file.
 * 
 * This Original Code and all software distributed under the License are
 * distributed on an "AS IS" basis, WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EITHER
 * EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, AND APPLE HEREBY DISCLAIMS ALL SUCH WARRANTIES,
 * INCLUDING WITHOUT LIMITATION, ANY WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY,
 * FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE OR NON-INFRINGEMENT.  Please see the
 * License for the specific language governing rights and limitations
 * under the License.
 * 
 * @[email protected]
 */
/*
 * @[email protected]
 */
/* 
 * Mach Operating System
 * Copyright (c) 1991,1990,1989,1988 Carnegie Mellon University
 * All Rights Reserved.
 * 
 * Permission to use, copy, modify and distribute this software and its
 * documentation is hereby granted, provided that both the copyright
 * notice and this permission notice appear in all copies of the
 * software, derivative works or modified versions, and any portions
 * thereof, and that both notices appear in supporting documentation.
 * 
 * CARNEGIE MELLON ALLOWS FREE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE IN ITS "AS IS"
 * CONDITION.  CARNEGIE MELLON DISCLAIMS ANY LIABILITY OF ANY KIND FOR
 * ANY DAMAGES WHATSOEVER RESULTING FROM THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE.
 * 
 * Carnegie Mellon requests users of this software to return to
 * 
 *  Software Distribution Coordinator  or  [email protected]
 *  School of Computer Science
 *  Carnegie Mellon University
 *  Pittsburgh PA 15213-3890
 * 
 * any improvements or extensions that they make and grant Carnegie Mellon
 * the rights to redistribute these changes.
 */
/*
 */
/*
 *	File:	clock_prim.c
 *	Author:	Avadis Tevanian, Jr.
 *	Date:	1986
 *
 *	Clock primitives.
 */
#include <cpus.h>
#include <stat_time.h>
#include <mach_prof.h>
#include <gprof.h>

#include <mach/boolean.h>
#include <mach/machine.h>
#include <mach/time_value.h>
#include <mach/vm_param.h>
#include <mach/vm_prot.h>
#include <kern/clock.h>
#include <kern/counters.h>
#include <kern/cpu_number.h>
#include <kern/host.h>
#include <kern/lock.h>
#include <kern/mach_param.h>
#include <kern/misc_protos.h>
#include <kern/processor.h>
#include <kern/profile.h>
#include <kern/sched.h>
#include <kern/sched_prim.h>
#include <kern/spl.h>
#include <kern/thread.h>
#include <kern/thread_swap.h>
#include <kern/time_out.h>
#include <vm/vm_kern.h>					/* kernel_map */
#include <machine/mach_param.h>			/* HZ */

#include <mach/clock_server.h>
#include <mach/clock_priv_server.h>
#include <mach/mach_host_server.h>

#include <profiling/profile-mk.h>

#if	STAT_TIME
#define	TICKBUMP(t)	timer_bump(t, (1000000/HZ))
#else
#define	TICKBUMP(t)
#endif

boolean_t	profile_kernel_services = TRUE;	/* Indicates wether or not we
											 * account kernel services 
											 * samples for user task */

/*
 * Hertz rate clock interrupt servicing. Primarily used to
 * update CPU statistics, recompute thread priority, and to
 * do profiling
 */
void
hertz_tick(
	boolean_t			usermode,	/* executing user code */
	natural_t			pc)
{
	thread_act_t		thr_act;
	register int		my_cpu;
	register thread_t	thread = current_thread();
	int					state;
#if		MACH_PROF
#ifdef	__MACHO__
#define	ETEXT			etext
	extern long			etext;
#else
#define	ETEXT			&etext
	extern char			etext;
#endif
	boolean_t			inkernel;
#endif	/* MACH_PROF */
#if GPROF
	struct profile_vars	*pv;
	prof_uptrint_t		s;
#endif

#ifdef	lint
	pc++;
#endif	/* lint */

	mp_disable_preemption();
	my_cpu = cpu_number();

	/*
	 *	The system startup sequence initializes the clock
	 *	before kicking off threads.   So it's possible,
	 *	especially when debugging, to wind up here with
	 *	no thread to bill against.  So ignore the tick.
	 */
	if (thread == THREAD_NULL) {
		mp_enable_preemption();
		return;
	}

#if		MACH_PROF
	inkernel = !usermode && (pc < (unsigned int)ETEXT);
#endif	/* MACH_PROF */

	/*
	 * Hertz processing performed by all processors
	 * includes statistics gathering, state tracking,
	 * and quantum updating.
	 */
	counter(c_clock_ticks++);

#if     GPROF
	pv = PROFILE_VARS(my_cpu);
#endif

	if (usermode) {
		TICKBUMP(&thread->user_timer);
#if 0
		if (thread->priority < BASEPRI_USER)
			state = CPU_STATE_NICE;
		else
#endif
			state = CPU_STATE_USER;
#if GPROF
			if (pv->active)
			    PROF_CNT_INC(pv->stats.user_ticks);
#endif
	}
	else {
		switch(processor_ptr[my_cpu]->state) {

		case PROCESSOR_IDLE:
			TICKBUMP(&thread->system_timer);
			state = CPU_STATE_IDLE;
			break;

		default:
			TICKBUMP(&thread->system_timer);
			state = CPU_STATE_SYSTEM;
			break;
		}
#if GPROF
		if (pv->active) {
			if (state == CPU_STATE_SYSTEM)
				PROF_CNT_INC(pv->stats.kernel_ticks);
			else
				PROF_CNT_INC(pv->stats.idle_ticks);

			if ((prof_uptrint_t)pc < _profile_vars.profil_info.lowpc)
				PROF_CNT_INC(pv->stats.too_low);
			else {
				s = (prof_uptrint_t)pc - _profile_vars.profil_info.lowpc;
				if (s < pv->profil_info.text_len) {
					LHISTCOUNTER *ptr = (LHISTCOUNTER *) pv->profil_buf;
					LPROF_CNT_INC(ptr[s / HISTFRACTION]);
				}
				else
					PROF_CNT_INC(pv->stats.too_high);
			}
		}
#endif
	}

	machine_slot[my_cpu].cpu_ticks[state]++;
	thread_quantum_update(my_cpu, thread, 1, state);

	/*
	 * Hertz processing performed by the master-cpu
	 * exclusively.
	 */
	if (my_cpu == master_cpu) {
#ifdef MACH_BSD
		{
			extern void	bsd_hardclock(
								boolean_t	usermode,
								natural_t	pc,
								int			ticks);

			bsd_hardclock(usermode, pc, 1);
		}
#endif /* MACH_BSD */
	}

#if	MACH_PROF
	thr_act = thread->top_act;
	if (thr_act->act_profiled && thread->sched_pri != DEPRESSPRI) {
		if (inkernel && thr_act->map != kernel_map) {
			/* 
			 * Non-kernel thread running in kernel
			 * Register user pc (mach_msg, vm_allocate ...)
			 */
		  	if (profile_kernel_services)
		  		profile(user_pc(thr_act), thr_act->profil_buffer);
		}
		else
			/*
			 * User thread and user mode or
			 * user (server) thread in kernel-loaded server or
			 * kernel thread and kernel mode
			 * register interrupted pc
			 */
			profile(pc, thr_act->profil_buffer);
	}
	if (kernel_task->task_profiled && thread->sched_pri != DEPRESSPRI) {
		if (inkernel && thr_act->map != kernel_map)
		  	/*
			 * User thread not profiled in kernel mode,
			 * kernel task profiled, register kernel pc
			 * for kernel task
			 */
			profile(pc, kernel_task->profil_buffer);
	}
#endif	/* MACH_PROF */
	mp_enable_preemption();
}


/*
 * Kernel timeout services.
 */

/*
 *	Set a timeout.
 *
 *	fcn:		function to call
 *	param:		parameter to pass to function
 *	interval:	timeout interval, in hz.
 */
void
timeout(
	timeout_fcn_t			fcn,
	void					*param,
	int						interval)
{
	AbsoluteTime			deadline;

	clock_interval_to_deadline(interval, NSEC_PER_SEC / hz, &deadline);
	thread_call_func_delayed((thread_call_func_t)fcn, param, deadline);
}

/*
 * Cancel a timeout.
 */
void
untimeout(
	register timeout_fcn_t		fcn,
	register void				*param)
{
	thread_call_func_cancel((thread_call_func_t)fcn, param, FALSE);
}